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Volume 10, Number 11—November 2004

Dispatch

Commercial Logging and HIV Epidemic, Rural Equatorial Africa

Christian Laurent*Comments to Author , Anke Bourgeois*†, Mireille Mpoudi†, Christelle Butel*, Martine Peeters*, Eitel Mpoudi-Ngolé†, and Eric Delaporte*
Author affiliations: *Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (UMR 145), Montpellier, France; †Projet Presica, Military Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon

Main Article

Table 1

Characteristics of the study population and category-specific HIV seroprevalence in a commercial logging area, southern Cameroon, 2001a

Characteristic Men (N = 228)
Women (N = 256)
n HIV+ (%) OR 95% CI n HIV+ (%) OR 95% CI
Village of residence
  Nkonzuh 66 6.3 1.00 84 14.5 1.00
  Mboumo 70 4.4 0.68 0.15–3.17 75 6.9 0.44 0.15–1.32
  Kompia 92 0.0 97 11.3 0.77 0.32–1.86
Median time spent in the village (y) 23 15.2
Ethnic group
  Badjoe 184 2.7 1.00 190 11.2 1.00
  Pygmies 18 0.0 13 0.0
  Others 25 8.3 3.18 0.58–17.39 51 14.0 1.28 0.51–3.21
Age group (y)
  15–24 73 1.4 0.89 0.05–14.46 71 10.0 2.11 0.59–7.54
  25–34 51 6.0 3.96 0.40–39.26 51 22.5 5.65 1.68–18.94
  35–49 39 5.1 3.54 0.31–40.48 52 11.5 2.48 0.66–9.25
  >50 65 1.6 1.00 82 4.9 1.00
Marital status
  Married 124 3.3 1.00 139 4.4 1.00
  Free union 16 6.3 1.95 0.20–18.62 22 36.4 12.19 3.70–40.22
  Single 64 1.6 0.48 0.05–4.38 38 18.4 4.82 1.51–15.35
  Divorced 8 12.5 4.88 0.47–50.60 8 25.0 7.11 1.18–42.91
  Separated 4 0.0 11 18.2 4.74 0.83–26.93
  Widowed 10 0.0 37 8.1 1.94 0.46–8.17
Level of education
  Never schooled 22 0.0 68 2.9 1.00
  Primary school 152 2.0 1.00 156 12.4 4.64 1.05–20.54
  Secondary school or higher 54 7.7 4.17 0.90–19.31 32 22.6 9.48 1.84–48.85
Occupation
  None 2 0.0 21 5.0 1.00
  Culture 126 2.4 1.00 206 11.8 2.56 0.33–20.01
  Hunting 29 3.7 1.56 0.03–20.31 0
  Retired 6 0.0 1 0.0
  Other 57 5.5 2.44 0.31–18.74 25 12.5 2.71 0.26–28.37
Potential risk factors for HIV infection
  Blood transfusion 2 0.0 10 33.3 4.32 1.02-18.35
  Injection 220 3.2 248 11.0 0.75 0.09–6.47
  Surgery 31 3.2 1.02 0.02–8.89 39 5.3 0.40 0.09–1.75
  Circumcision 220 3.2
  Excision 0
  Tattoo 10 10.0 3.80 0.41–34.94 28 17.9 1.88 0.65–5.42
  Sexually transmitted infection 90 5.6 3.87 0.73–20.40 37 21.6 2.66 1.07–6.60
  Serologic evidence of syphilisb 19 5.3 1.93 0.22–16.99 27 7.4 0.61 0.14–2.71

a+, positive; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
bRapid plasma reagin and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination positive.

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