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Volume 10, Number 5—May 2004

Dispatch

Bat Rabies, Texas, 1996–2000

Rodney E. Rohde*Comments to Author , Bonny C. Mayes†, Jean S. Smith‡, and Susan U. Neill*§
Author affiliations: *Texas State University at San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas, USA; †Austin Community College, Austin, Texas, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Texas Department of Health Bureau of Laboratories, Austin, Texas, USA

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Table 1

Bat species submitted to the Texas Department of Health laboratory for rabies virus (RABV) testing (1996–2000)

Species Total no. received (1996–2000) No. testing positive for RABV (%)
Antrozous pallidus (pallid bat)
3
0
Desmodus rotundus (vampire bat)a
4
0
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)
14
1 (7.1%)
Lasiurus borealis (eastern red bat)
714
48 (6.7%)
L. cinereus (hoary bat)
57
15 (26.3%)
L. ega (southern yellow bat)
80
2 (2.5%)
L. intermedius (northern yellow bat)
153
14 (9.2%)
Lasionycteris noctivagans (silver-haired bat)
5
0
Lasiurus seminolus (seminole bat)
14
2 (14.3%)
Mormoops megalophylla (ghost-faced bat)
1
0
Myotis austroriparius (southeastern myotis)
1
0
M. californicus (California myotis)
1
0
M. ciliolabrum (western small-footed myotis)
1
0
M. thysanodes (fringed myotis)
1
0
M. velifer (cave myotis)
172
4 (2.3%)
M. yumanensis (yuma myotis)
1
0
Nycticeius humeralis (evening bat)
410
3 (0.7%)
Nyctinomops macrotis (big free-tailed bat)
5
0
Pipistrellus subflavus (eastern pipistrelle)
40
0
Tadarida brasiliensis (Brazilian free-tailed bat)
2,062
338 (16.4%)
Fruit bats, not speciatedb
2
0
Juvenile yellow bats (L. ega or L. intermedius)
65
0
Lasiurus sp.c
24
1 (4.2%)
Unable to identify speciesd
159
6 (3.8%)
Total 3,989 434 (11%)

aVampire bats part of captive colony in zoo.
bAppear to be two different species.
cToo damaged to determine species; will probably fall within one of the above mentioned Lasiurus sp.
dExtremely damaged, decomposed, or immature.

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