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Volume 10, Number 5—May 2004

Research

Antimicrobial Resistance in Commensal Flora of Pig Farmers

Hélène Aubry-Damon*, Karine Grenet†, Penda Sall-Ndiaye‡, Didier Che*, Eugenio Cordeiro*, Marie-Elisabeth Bougnoux¶, Emma Rigaud‡, Yann Le Strat*, Véronique Lemanissier*, Laurence Armand-Lefèvre†, Didier Delzescaux§, Jean-Claude Desenclos*, Michel Liénard‡, and Antoine Andremont†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *National Institute for Public Health, Saint-Maurice, France; †Bichat Hospital, Assistance Publique, Paris, France; ‡National Medical Insurance System for Agriculture, Bagnolet, France; §National Federation of Cattle and Pig Raisers, Paris, France; ¶Hôpital Ambroise Paré, Paris, France

Main Article

Table 1

Total defined daily doses (DDD) of various classes of antimicrobial agents during the 6 months preceding participation in studya

Antimicrobial agent
Total DDD (no. participantsb)
Pig farmers Nonfarmers
Penicillins (narrow-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and penicillinase resistant)
138
(9)

132
(9)
Cephalosporins
53
(7)

83
(9)
Macrolides and lincosamides
67
(9)

35
(6)
Others
15
(3)

67
(2)
Total 273 (25)b 317 (19)c

aAs determined by health insurance reimbursements to pig farmers and nonfarmers.
bWho used any given type of antimicrobial agent.
cSome persons had multiple treatments.

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