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Volume 10, Number 6—June 2004

Research

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy Infectivity in Greater Kudu (Tragelaphus strepsiceros)

Andrew A. Cunningham*Comments to Author , James K. Kirkwood*1, Michael Dawson†2, Yvonne I. Spencer†, Robert B. Green†, and Gerald A.H. Wells†
Author affiliations: *Institute of Zoology, Regent’s Park, London, UK; †Veterinary Laboratories Agency, Addlestone, Surrey, UK; Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in Greater Kudu

Main Article

Table 1

Species of zoo animal confirmed as having contracted a novel spongiform encephalopathy contemporaneously with the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in domestic cattlea

Species No. of cases Reference
Bovidae


Nyala, Tragelaphus angasi
1
1
Greater kudu, Tragelaphus strepsieros
6
2
Gemsbok, Oryx gazella
1
1
Arabian oryx, Oryx leucoryx
1
3
Scimitar-horned oryx, Oryx dammah
1
2
Eland, Taurotragus oryx
6
2,4
American bison, Bison bison
1
5
Felidae


Cheetah, Acinonyx jubatus
10b
2,5–7
Puma, Felis concolor
3
2,9
Ocelot, Felis pardalis
3
4,8
Tiger, Panthera tigris
3
5
Lion, Panthera leo
4
4,5
Asian golden cat, Catopuma temminckii 1c 10

aCases occurred and were born in Great Britain unless stated otherwise.
bThe initial case of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy in cheetah occurred in Australia, one case has occurred in the Republic of Ireland and three cases have occurred in France; all were born in Britain apart from the most recently reported case in France (8).
cReported from Australia, born in Germany, and kept for a period in the Netherlands (10).

Main Article

1Present affiliation is Universities Federation for Animal Welfare, Wheathampstead, Hertfordshire, UK.

2Present affiliation is National Scrapie Plan Administration Centre, Worcester, UK.

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