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Volume 10, Number 8—August 2004

Research

West Nile Virus in California

William Reisen*Comments to Author , Hugh Lothrop*, Robert Chiles*, Minoo Madon†, Cynthia Cossen‡, Leslie Woods*, Stan Husted‡, Vicki Kramer‡, and John Edman*
Author affiliations: *University of California, Davis, California, USA; †Greater Los Angeles County Mosquito and Vector Control District, Santa Fe Springs, California, USA; ‡California Department of Health Services, Sacramento, California, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Wild birds collected and bled in Coachella Valley, January 1–November 1, 2003

Species Sera % Flavivirusa % WEEVb
Abert’s Towhee
108
0.9
0.0
House Finch
251
0.4
0.0
Least Bittern
10
10.0
0.0
Gambel’s Quail
643
3.3
0.2
Common Ground Dove
95
5.3
0.0
Mourning Dove
729
1.5
0.1
Domestic Pigeon
39
25.6
0.0
White-winged Dove
6
16.7
0.0
58 species
1,297
0.0
0.0
Total 3,178 1.6 0.1

aPositive by enzyme immunoassay; some not confirmed by plaque reduction neutralization test or West Nile virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus results were equivocal.
bWEEV, western equine encephalitis virus.

Main Article

1Procedures for the bleeding and husbandry of sentinel chickens were described in Protocol 9608 approved by the University of California, Davis, Animal Use and Care Administrative Advisory Committee.

2The collection, banding, and bleeding of wild birds were conducted under Protocol 9605 approved by the Animal Use and Care Administrative Advisory Committee of the University of California, Davis, California Resident Scientific Collection Permit 801049-02 by the State of California Department of Fish and Game, and Master Station Federal Bird Marking and Salvage Permit 22763 from the U.S. Geological Survey Bird Banding Laboratory.

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