Volume 11, Number 1—January 2005
Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, Brazil, 1981–2002
|1981–1993: Epidemics waves in localized areas|
|1981||Restricted outbreak (DENV1* and DENV4†) in Northwest Brazil (Roraima State)|
|1986||Introduction of DENV1 (Rio de Janeiro State)|
|1990||Introduction of DENV2‡ (Rio de Janeiro State) and first confirmed cases of DHF|
|1994–2002: Epidemic and endemic virus circulation countrywide|
|1994–1999||Dispersion of Aedes aegypti nationwide|
|1998||Widespread outbreaks in 16 states (>534,000 reported cases)|
|2000||Introduction of DENV3§ (Rio de Janeiro State)|
|2002||Large outbreaks in 19 states (>794,000 reported cases) Deaths due to dengue hemorrhagic fever exceed deaths from malaria|
*Dengue virus serotype 1.
†Dengue virus serotype 4.
‡Dengue virus serotype 2.
§Dengue virus serotype 3.
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- Page last updated: April 14, 2011
- Page last reviewed: April 14, 2011
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
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