Volume 11, Number 10—October 2005
Antibacterial Cleaning Products and Drug Resistance
|Characteristics*||Nonantibacterial groups† (N = 118), %||Antibacterial groups† (N = 120), %|
|Male primary caregivers||4.2||4.2|
|Caregivers born outside of United States||94.1||98.3|
|Caregivers with high CFU counts on hands‡||35.8||39.4|
|Antibacterial cleaning and hygiene products used prebaseline||41.5||40.0|
|Characteristics reported for >1 members of the household|
|Child in daycare||15.9||17.8|
|Chronic illness or fair to poor health||61.0||55.8|
|Symptoms of infection in past 30 days||54.2||54.2|
|Use of antimicrobial agents in past 30 days§||11.9||11.7|
|Traveled outside United States in past month||12.8||12.5|
|Healthcare or daycare occupation||41.0||45.0|
*No significant differences in demographic characteristics between persons with or without available cultures or between participants with or without gram-negative bacteria or staphylococci of interest were noted in this study (all p>0.10).
†No significant differences between the antibacterial and nonantibacterial users in any of the characteristics measured were noted (all p>0.05).
‡Culture information was not available at baseline for 20 study participants. High counts were determined by whether the participant had a CFU above the mean for the entire group.
§Information on use of antimicrobial agents use was only gathered from study participants reporting infectious symptoms. Therefore, all persons reporting no infectious symptoms were coded as having "no reported antibiotic use."