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Volume 11, Number 10—October 2005

Research

Mallards and Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Ancestral Viruses, Northern Europe

Vincent J. Munster*, Anders Wallensten†‡, Chantal Baas*, Guus F. Rimmelzwaan*, Martin Schutten*, Björn Olsen§¶, Albert D.M.E. Osterhaus*, and Ron A.M. Fouchier*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; †Smedby Health Center, Kalmar, Sweden; ‡Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; §Umea University, Umea, Sweden; ¶Kalmar University, Kalmar, Sweden

Main Article

Table 1

Hemagglutination inhibition assays with postinfection ferret antisera and hyperimmune rabbit antisera raised against H7 influenza A viruses

Virus A/Eq/Prague/1/54* A/Seal/Mass/1/80* A/Neth/219/03† A/Mallard/Neth/12/00† A/Neth/33/03†
A/Equine/Prague/1/54 H7N7 1:1,280‡ 1:1,280 <1:20 <1:20 <1:20
A/Seal/Massachusetts/1/80 H7N7 1:160 1:1,280 <1:20 <1:20 1:20
A/Netherlands/219/03 H7N7 1:160 1:1,280 1:40 1:40 1:80
A/Mallard/Netherlands/12/00 H7N3 1:160 1:1,280 1:20 1:80 1:40
A/Netherlands/33/03 H7N7 1:320 1:1,280 1:80 1:160 1:160
A/Mallard/Sweden/56/02 H7N7 1:640 1:5,120 1:80 1:80 1:160
A/Mallard/Sweden/105/02 H7N7 1:320 1:2,560 1:80 1:80 1:80
A/Mallard/Sweden/85/02 H7N7 1:160 1:1,280 1:40 1:80 1:80

*Hyperimmune rabbit antisera.
†Postinfection ferret antisera.
‡Homologous titers are represented boldfaced and underlined.

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