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Volume 11, Number 11—November 2005

Dispatch

Social Factors Associated with AIDS and SARS

Don C. Des Jarlais*Comments to Author , Jennifer Stuber†, Melissa Tracy‡, Susan Tross*, and Sandro Galea‡
Author affiliations: *Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, New York, USA; †Columbia University, New York, New York, USA; ‡New York Academy of Medicine, New York, New York, USA

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Table 1

Survey findings of respondents' knowledge about AIDS and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (N = 928)*

Characteristic Total, n (% ) Poorly informed,
Poorly informed,
AIDS, n (%) p value SARS, n (%) p value
Sex
Male 402 (45.3) 20 (8.0) 0.016 67 (21.7) 0.716
Female 526 (54.7) 13 (2.5) 102 (20.2)
Race/ethnicity
White 579 (54.1) 19 (2.9) 0.054 79 (14.6) <0.0001
Asian 50 (5.0) 5 (16.3) 5 (20.8)
Black 133 (18.9) 3 (5.7) 30 (17.5)
Hispanic 131 (19.5) 3 (6.4) 45 (40.6)
Other 21 (2.6) 2 (11.9) 8 (36.1)
Age, y
>65 147 (11.9) 12 (6.6) 52 (37.8)
55–64 125 (12.4) 5 (9.6) 24 (24.9)
45–54 185 (18.2) 0 (0.0) 18 (15.7)
35–44 215 (20.7) 4 (1.8) 30 (14.7)
25–34 185 (25.8) 7 (3.5) 29 (19.2)
18–24 61 (11.0) 4 (16.3) 12 (19.6) 0.006
Educational status
Graduate work 173 (13.8) 2 (3.3) 0.460 10 (12.8) <0.0001
College degree 306 (30.0) 7 (4.7) 32 (12.8)
Some college 172 (21.4) 2 (1.8) 23 (17.4)
High school/general education diploma 186 (25.2) 14 (8.3) 62 (27.2)
Less than high school 89 (9.6) 8 (7.0) 41 (48.9)
Marital status
Married 409 (52.9) 14 (5.6) 0.907 69 (22.4) 0.028
Divorced/separated/widowed 214 (15.8) 14 (5.2) 56 (28.5)
Never married/unmarried couple 298 (31.3) 5 (4.1) 43 (14.7)
Household income at baseline
>$75,000 262 (33.8) 4 (1.3) 0.062 22 (12.3) 0.002
$40,000–$74,999 217 (27.9) 3 (4.1) 24 (12.7)
$20,000–$39,999 158 (23.2) 9 (7.0) 42 (28.5)
<$20,000 130 (15.2) 8 (9.6) 47 (36.8)
Total 928 (100.0) 33 (5.0) 169 (20.9)

*Poorly informed, respondents reported knowing "nothing" or "little" about the disease.

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