Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to site content
CDC Home

Volume 11, Number 11—November 2005

Dispatch

Assays to Detect West Nile Virus in Dead Birds

Ward B. Stone*Comments to Author , Joseph E. Therrien*, Robert Benson*, Laura Kramer†, Elizabeth B. Kauffman†, Millicent Eidson†, and Scott Campbell‡
Author affiliations: *New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, USA; †New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡Suffolk County Department of Health, Suffolk, New York, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Oral swab RAMP and VecTest sensitivity for real-time RT-PCR–positive birds. New York, 2004–2005*

Species (presented in taxonomic order) N† No. positive (%)
RAMP VecTest
Pelicaniformes
Double Crested Cormorant (Phalacrocorax auritus) 1 0 0
Falconiformes
Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii) 4 0 0
Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) 2 0 0
American Kestrel (Falco sparverius) 1 1 1
Charadriiformes
Ring-billed Gull (Larus delawarensis) 1 1 0
Strigiformes
Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus) 3 1 0
Passeriformes
Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) 1 0 0
Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus) 1 0 0
Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata) 27 24 (88.9) 19 (70.4)
American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) 128 117 (91.4) 108 (84.4)
Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) 1 1 1
American Robin (Turdus migratorius) 7 1 1
Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis) 1 0 0
Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) 2 1 1
Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) 1 1 1
Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) 1 0 0
Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula) 3 3 2
House Finch (Carpodacus mexicanus) 2 0 0
House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 6 5 3
Total all species 193 156 (80.8) 137 (71.0)

*RAMP, Rapid Analyte Measurement Platform; RT-PCR, reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction.
†No. of birds real-time RT-PCR–positive.

Main Article

Top of Page

USA.gov: The U.S. Government's Official Web PortalDepartment of Health and Human Services
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention   1600 Clifton Rd. Atlanta, GA 30333, USA
800-CDC-INFO (800-232-4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 - Contact CDC–INFO