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Volume 11, Number 12—December 2005

Research

Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis, New York, 1995–2000

Jesse D. Blanton*Comments to Author , Nadine Y. Bowden*, Millicent Eidson†, Jeffrey D. Wyatt‡, and Cathleen A. Hanlon*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) by setting, 4 counties, New York, 1995–2000*

Animal source Urban, n (%) Rural, n (%)
Dog† 463 (93) 35 (7)
Cat 386 (74) 137 (26)
Other domestic‡ 16 (44) 20 (56)
All domestic 865 (82) 192 (18)
Raccoon 162 (65) 88 (35)
Bat§ 456 (69) 207 (31)
Fox 50 (59) 35 (41)
Skunk 28 (61) 18 (39)
Other wild¶ 19 (51) 18 (49)
All wild 715 (66) 366 (34)
Total# 1,580 (74) 558 (26)
Annual rate/100,000 22.6 56.9

*Rabies PEP cases reported to the health departments of 2 relatively urban counties, Onondaga and Monroe, and 2 relatively rural counties, Cayuga and Wayne.

†Human PEP cases from dog exposures were significantly higher in urban counties (p<0.001).

‡Other domestic animal exposures included 2 cows (10 cases), 3 ferrets (4 cases), 1 monkey (1 case), and 1 rabbit (1 case) in urban counties and 5 cows (9 cases) and 2 horses (11 cases) in rural counties.

§Human PEP cases due to bat exposures were significantly higher in urban counties (p<0.001).

¶Other wild animal exposures included 8 woodchucks (8 cases), 4 opossums (5 cases), 1 beaver (2 cases), 1 rat (1 case), 1 coyote (1 case), 1 mouse (1 case), and 1 otter (1 case) in urban counties and 5 deer (5 cases), 4 woodchucks (4 cases), 2 squirrels (3 cases), 2 coyotes (2 cases), 2 chipmunks (2 cases), 1 beaver (1 case), and 1 opossum (1 case) in rural counties.

#78 PEP cases excluded because animal source was missing.

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