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Volume 11, Number 12—December 2005

Research

Rabies Postexposure Prophylaxis, New York, 1995–2000

Jesse D. Blanton*Comments to Author , Nadine Y. Bowden*, Millicent Eidson†, Jeffrey D. Wyatt‡, and Cathleen A. Hanlon*
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; ‡University of Rochester School of Medicine & Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA

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Table 4

Human rabies postexposure prophylaxis (PEP), 4 counties, New York, 1993–2000

Characteristic 1993–1994* 1995–2000
PEP cases (annual mean) 1,173 (587) 2,216 (369)
Annual PEP incidence 32/100,000 urban, 123/100,000 rural 23/100,000 urban, 57/100,000 rural
Season Summer to early autumn Summer to early autumn, July–August for 1998–2000
Sex 55% male (47/100,000), 45% female (38/100,000) 51% male (27/100,000), 49% female (25/100,000)
Age (y)† 10–14 and 35–55 5–9 and 30–34
Exposure source (%)
Wild 67 51
Raccoon 50 12
Bat 5 31
Other 12 8
Domestic 33 49
Cat 17 24
Dog 14 23
Other 2 2
Exposure type (%)
Bite 30 51
Scratch 6 5
Direct‡ 14 16
Indirect§ 51 28
Group size 47% >2 persons exposed 40% >2 persons exposed

*Data from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (9).

†Age groups with highest annual incidence.

‡Direct exposure of saliva or neural tissue to wound or mucous membrane.

§Indirect exposure to saliva or neural tissue to wound or mucous membrane, includes unidentified exposures from 1995 to 2000.

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