Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 11, Number 3—March 2005

Research

Disease Risks from Foods, England and Wales, 1996–2000

Goutam K. Adak*Comments to Author , Sallyanne M. Meakins*, Hopi Yip*, Benjamin A. Lopman*, and Sarah J. O'Brien*
Author affiliations: *Health Protection Agency Centre for Infections, London, United Kingdom

Main Article

Table 1

Estimated annual impact of indigenous foodborne disease by etiologic agent, England and Wales

Pathogen
Cases
General practitioner cases
Hospital
Cases
Days
Deaths
Bacteria
Aeromonas spp. 0 0 0 0 0
Bacillus spp. 10,717 4,287 26 67 0
Campylobacter spp. 337,655 160,788 15,918 58,897 80
Clostridium perfringens 168,436 88,651 709 10,496 177
C. difficile cytotoxin 0 0 0 0 0
Escherichia coli O157:H7 1,026 1,026 389 2,216 23
Non–O157:H7 STEC* 114 114 43 246 3
Other E. coli 62,050 13,850 319 1561 6
Listeria monocytogenes 221 221 221 3,959 78
Nontyphoidal salmonellae 73,193 52,280 2,666 15,465 209
Salmonella Typhi 86 86 35 239 0
S. Paratyphi 91 91 29 181 0
Shigella spp. 308 308 7 37 0
Staphylococcus aureus 9,196 3,678 232 278 0
Vibrio cholerae O1 and O139 0 0 0 0 0
V. cholerae, other serotypes 194 97 8 30 0
Other vibrio species 291 146 4 16 2
Yersinia spp. 129,338 11,054 619 5,448 3
Parasites
Cryptosporidium parvum 1,699 894 32 119 3
Cyclospora cayatenensis 1,026 540 3 10 0
Giardia lamblia 1,999 1,052 6 22 0
Viruses
Adenovirus 40/41 0 0 0 0 0
Astrovirus 17,741 4,032 12 47 4
Norovirus 61,584 9,775 39 152 10
Rotavirus 8,205 1,368 42 110 4
Sapovirus 0 0 0 0 0
Unknown 839,144 106,221 637 1,785 85
Total† 1,724,315 460,560 21,997 101,382 687

*STEC, Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli. †Totals are calculated on the basis of rounding to whole numbers.

Main Article

TOP