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Volume 11, Number 3—March 2005

Research

SARS Risk Perceptions in Healthcare Workers, Japan

Teppei Imai*, Ken Takahashi*Comments to Author , Tsutomu Hoshuyama*, Naoki Hasegawa†, Meng-Kin Lim‡, and David Koh‡
Author affiliations: *University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan; †Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; ‡National University of Singapore, Singapore

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Table 2

Knowledge of preventive measures, concept of institutional measures, and perception of risk by job category, sex, age, and type of facility*

Questionnaire item Job category
Sex
Age
Type of facility
Physicians Nurses Other Men Women <35 y >35 y University Nonuniversity† Total
Knowledge of preventive measures
Area isolation 96.0 99.3 97.8 96.3 98.9 98.1 98.2 97.8 98.9 98.1
Hand washing 95.6 99.2 97.8 96.0 98.9 98.1 97.9 97.8 98.7 98.0
Alcohol rubs 87.0 94.6 95.1 89.8 94.9 93.2 93.5 93.2 93.6 93.3
Prominent notices 86.8 91.2 89.9 86.1 91.6 89.7 90.2 89.5 91.0 89.9
N95 mask 86.2 89.5 83.8 85.7 87.5 86.4 87.6 85.6 90.1 86.9
Gloves 73.7 82.6 78.2 74.8 81.3 78.0 81.0 77.3 84.3 79.3
Gowns 63.5 74.5 58.8 62.0 69.1 65.8 68.5 63.9 74.4 67.0
Surgical mask 64.5 62.5 66.4 63.6 64.5 64.6 63.8 63.8 65.1 64.2
Temperature checks 51.2 61.5 65.4 58.1 62.2 61.6 60.1 60.5 61.9 60.9
Hair cover 55.1 63.9 56.6 56.3 61.1 56.9 63.1 56.1 68.3 59.7
Paper mask 64.3 62.3 51.6 61.5 58.0 56.9 61.8 59.5 57.9 59.0
Goggles 57.7 56.3 55.3 56.7 56.0 51.9 61.7 52.9 64.2 56.2
Gauze mask 58.5 58.6 46.7 54.4 54.5 51.5 58.3 54.3 54.8 54.5
Shoe cover 50.6 55.5 51.9 50.7 54.4 50.7 56.5 49.4 62.6 53.3
Limiting visitors 29.9 41.3 30.5 31.6 36.9 33.4 37.6 32.6 41.9 35.3
Concept of institutional measures
Clear policies and protocols 62.8 70.6 59.4 62.6 66.4 61.6 69.7 62.8 71.2 65.2
Specialist available 42.6 59.6 50.4 45.4 56.5 48.8 58.3 49.0 62.8 53.0
Adequate training 29.4 48.9 31.9 31.7 42.4 35.2 43.8 35.7 47.1 39.1
Effectiveness 27.2 34.0 29.5 30.6 31.7 28.1 34.6 28.4 37.6 31.1
Perception of risk
Avoidance of patient 86.9 93.4 92.1 87.3 93.7 93.1 90.0 91.1 93.3 91.7
Acceptance of risk 69.5 64.7 60.9 67.0 63.1 62.3 66.6 64.0 64.8 64.3
Little personal control 59.8 61.7 59.8 59.2 61.3 60.6 60.7 60.5 61.1 60.6
Fear 48.9 60.6 52.1 48.7 58.2 55.8 54.7 52.2 62.9 55.3
Job change 14.3 34.1 24.7 15.7 31.9 30.7 22.5 24.1 33.8 27.0

*Data are presented as percentages, number of positive responses divided by number of respondents answering each question (except for paper mask and gauze mask, where negative responses were counted). Positive responses include "probably agree," "agree," and "strongly agree"; negative responses are "probably disagree," "disagree," and strongly disagree." Detailed information, including n's, distribution of scores, and p values (based on chi-square test for difference in proportion, t test for difference in 2 means, and analysis of variance [ANOVA] for differences in 3 means), is available in the full table in Table A1.
†Nonuniversity includes municipal hospitals (2 facilities) and private hospitals (1 facility).

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