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Volume 11, Number 3—March 2005

Research

SARS Risk Perceptions in Healthcare Workers, Japan

Teppei Imai*, Ken Takahashi*Comments to Author , Tsutomu Hoshuyama*, Naoki Hasegawa†, Meng-Kin Lim‡, and David Koh‡
Author affiliations: *University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan; †Keio University, Tokyo, Japan; ‡National University of Singapore, Singapore

Main Article

Table 4

Factors associated with concept of institutional measures (effectiveness) and perception of risk (selected factors) by job category

Variable* OR (95% CI)†
Physician (N = 1,370) Nurse (N = 3,274) Other (N = 2,638) Total (N = 7,282)
Effectiveness
I-score (0,1,2,3) 1.87 (1.65–2.13) 1.83 (1.69–1.98) 2.02 (1.84–2.22) 1.90 (1.80–2.01)
Age (>35 year) 1.23 (0.93–1.62) 1.19 (0.99–1.41) 1.42 (1.15–1.74) 1.25 (1.11–1.41)
K-score (low, middle, high) 0.89 (0.72–1.10) 1.01 (0.88–1.17) 0.96 (0.82–1.11) 0.97 (0.88–1.06)
Type of facility (university) 0.82 (0.59–1.15) 0.71 (0.60–0.84) 0.75 (0.60–0.92) 0.74 (0.65–0.83)
Sex (women) 0.79 (0.53–1.18) 0.63 (0.38–1.06) 0.97 (0.79–1.18) 1.00 (0.88–1.14)
Fear (+) 0.61 (0.46–0.80) 0.90 (0.76–1.06) 0.58 (0.47–0.70) 0.72 (0.64–0.81)
Avoidance of patient
Fear (+) 1.91 (1.33–2.76) 2.56 (1.89–3.48) 2.32 (1.66–3.24) 2.31 (1.91–2.80)
K-score (low, middle, high) 1.42 (1.10–1.84) 1.01 (0.78–1.30) 1.23 (0.98–1.56) 1.19 (1.03–1.37)
Sex (women) 1.27 (0.76–2.13) 1.95 (0.91–4.21) 2.05 (1.50–2.82) 1.93 (1.59–2.33)
Age (>35 year) 1.00 (0.70–1.42) 0.58 (0.42–0.79) 0.84 (0.60–1.17) 0.81 (0.67–0.97)
Type of facility (university) 0.91 (0.57–1.43) 0.83 (0.59–1.16) 0.75 (0.52–1.08) 0.82 (0.66–1.01)
I-score (0,1,2,3) 0.80 (0.68–0.94) 0.87 (0.75–0.99) 0.80 (0.69–0.93) 0.81 (0.75–0.88)
Acceptance of risk
I-score (0,1,2,3) 1.26 (1.11–1.42) 1.08 (1.01–1.16) 1.24 (1.14–1.35) 1.18 (1.12–1.24)
Age (>35 year) 1.05 (0.81–1.36) 1.27 (1.06–1.51) 1.11 (0.93–1.33) 1.10 (0.99–1.22)
Fear (+) 1.01 (0.78–1.30) 1.14 (0.97–1.33) 1.44 (1.21–1.71) 1.21 (1.09–1.34)
Sex (women) 1.01 (0.71–1.43) 0.65 (0.38–1.12) 0.85 (0.71–1.02) 0.82 (0.73–0.92)
K-score (low, middle, high) 0.90 (0.74–1.10) 1.05 (0.92–1.20) 1.04 (0.91–1.18) 1.03 (0.95–1.12)
Type of facility (university) 0.81 (0.58–1.14) 0.98 (0.83–1.15) 1.20 (0.99–1.45) 1.04 (0.93–1.17)

*Goodness-of-fit was satisfactory: ranged from [goodness-of-fit statistics = 0.49 with 8 df (p = 0.99)] for (effectiveness) x (physician) to [goodness-of-fit statistics = 12.71 with 8 df (p = 0.12)] for (nurse) x (avoidance), except for [goodness-of-fit statistics = 18.98 with 8 df (p = 0.02)] for (nurse) x (effectiveness) and [goodness-of-fit statistics = 18.38 with 8 df (p = 0.02)] for (others) x (effectiveness).
†OR, odds ratio calculated by logistic regression; CI, confidence interval.

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