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Volume 11, Number 3—March 2005

Research

Effect of Regulation and Education on Reptile-associated Salmonellosis

Birgitta de Jong*†Comments to Author , Yvonne Andersson*, and Karl Ekdahl*†
Author affiliations: *Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control, Stockholm, Sweden; †Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

Main Article

Table 1

Reported serotypes of salmonellosis acquired in Sweden, 1990–2000

Serotype No. of RAS* patients No. of non-RAS patients % of all 
RAS cases % of all patients infected in Sweden Type of reptile 
(could be >1 reptile/case)
Salmonella enterica Serotype Enteritidis 81 2,345 23.9 3.3 Turtle (46); tortoise (2);
 lizard (12); snake (28)
S. Typhimurium 30 2,056 8.9 1.4 Turtle (11); lizard (7); snake (16)
S. Subspecies III 30 8 8.9 78.9 Turtle (5); lizard (5); snake (25)
S. Subspecies I 19 41 5.6 31.7 Turtle (7); lizard (4); snake (8)
S. Newport 15 100 4.4 13.0 Turtle (3); lizard (4); snake (9)
S. Poona 15 19 4.4 44.1 Turtle (9); lizard (1); snake (5)
S. Saintpaul 12 53 3.5 18.5 Turtle (12)
S. Braenderup 12 30 3.5 28.6 Turtle (8); lizard(4)
S. Stanley 11 147 3.2 7.0 Turtle (11)
S. Muenchen 10 30 3.0 25.0 Turtle (4); lizard (1); snake (5)
S. Java 9 49 2.7 15.5 Turtle (5); snake (2); 
several reptiles (2)
S. Oranienburg 6 84 1.8 6.7 Turtle (2); lizard (3); snake (3)
S. Litchfield 6 12 1.8 33.3 Turtle (6)
S. Subspecies 5 177 1.5 2.7 Turtle (4); lizard (1)
S. Adelaide 5 33 1.5 13.2 Snake (5)
S. Chester 5 11 1.5 31.3 Turtle (2); snake (3)
S. Bovismorbificans 4 350 1.2 1.1 Turtle (3); snake (1)
S. Hadar 4 140 1.2 2.8 Turtle (3); snake (1)
S. Telelkebir 4 4 1.2 50.0 Lizard (2); snake (2)
S. Montevideo 3 55 0.9 5.2 Turtle (2); lizard (1)
S. Subspecies II 3 12 0.9 20.0 Turtle (1); lizard (1)
S. Subspecies IV 3 2 0.9 60.0 Lizard (3)
S. Infantis 2 324 0.6 0.6 Snake (2)
S. Bredeney 2 56 0.6 3.4 Turtle (2)
S. Heidelberg 2 44 0.6 4.3 Turtle (2)
S. Panama 2 35 0.6 5.4 Lizard (1); snake (1)
S. Abony 2 17 0.6 10.5 Turtle (2)
S. Ituri 2 5 0.6 28.6 Snake (2)
S. Napoli 2 1 0.6 66.7 Lizard (1)
S. Bonn 2 0 0.6 100.0 Turtle (1)
S. Nima 2 0 0.6 100.0 Snake (1)
S. Shubra 2 0 0.6 100.0 Turtle (1)
S. Agona 1 429 0.3 0.2 Snake (1)
S. Virchow 1 152 0.3 0.7 Turtle (1)
S. Thompson 1 54 0.3 1.8 Snake (1)
S. Blockley 1 51 0.3 1.9 Lizard (1)
S. Mikawasima 1 27 0.3 3.6 Turtle (1)
S. Muenster 1 7 0.3 12.5 Snake (1)
S. Oslo 1 3 0.3 25.0 Lizard and snake (1)
S. Reading 1 3 0.3 25.0 Snake (1)
S. Ibadan 1 2 0.3 33.3 Snake (1)
S. Monschaui 1 2 0.3 33.3 Snake (1)
S. Rubislaw 1 2 0.3 33.3 Snake (1)
S. Urbana 1 2 0.3 33.3 Turtle (1)
S. Farmsen 1 1 0.3 50.0 Snake (1)
S. Pomona 1 1 0.3 50.0 Turtle (1)
S. Abaetetuba 1 0 0.3 100.0 Turtle and lizard (1)
S. Lome 1 0 0.3 100.0 Snake (1)
S. Matadi 1 0 0.3 100.0 Turtle (1)
S. Spartel 1 0 0.3 100.0 Lizard (1)
S. Tamberma 1 0 0.3 100.0 Snake (1)
S. Veijle 1 0 0.3 100.0 Snake (1)
S. Windemere 1 0 0.3 100.0 Snake (1)
>1 serotype† 4 1.2 Lizard (1); snake (3)
Not typed 2 0.6 Snake (2)
Total no. of cases 339 6,974 100 100

*RAS, reptile-associated case of Salmonella infection, human.
†1 case respectively with S. Adelaide + S. Montevideo, S. Agoueve + S. Chester + S. Infantis, S. Ajiobo + S. Muenchen, and S. Mesbit + S. Montevideo.
‡Not available.

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