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Volume 11, Number 4—April 2005

Research

Reemergence of Canine Echinococcus granulosus Infection, Wales

Imad Buishi*, Tom Walters†, Zoë Guildea‡, Philip Craig*, and Stephen Palmer‡
Author affiliations: *University of Salford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom; †Powys Health Promotion Unit, Powys, Wales, United Kingdom; and; ‡University of Wales, Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom

Main Article

Table 1

Univariate analysis of Echinococcus coproantigen ELISA data from Welsh farm dogs and possible risk factors determined by questionnaire*

Risk factor No. positive/negative for coproantigen† (N =1,164)
OR 95% CI p value
Present Absent
Farmer slaughters sheep 11/54 83/1,016 2.49 1.26–4.95 0.007
Stock euthanized because of FMD 20/255 74/815 0.86 0.52–1.44 0.576
FMD-affected farm 8/89 85/975 1.03 0.48–2.2 0.937
Dog free roaming 69/504 22/519‡ 3.23 1.97–5.3 <0.0001
No disease knowledge 24/230 70/840 1.25 0.77–2.04 0.364
Dosing interval every 4–6 mo 63/554 18/434§ 2.7 1.6–4.7 <0.0001
Dosing interval >6 mo 13/81 18/434§ 3.87 1.83–8.21 <0.0001
Dog sex (male) 43/543 50/526 0.83 0.55–1.27 0.4
Age of dog <5 y 63/602 30/467 1.63 1.04–2.56 0.033
Food: scraps or offal 18/122 76/947¶ 1.84 1.06–3.18 0.027

*Sampled in Powys and Gwent, Wales, United Kingdom, July–November 2002. ELISA, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; FMD, foot and mouth disease.
†By enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
‡Dog chained up.
§Dosing <4 months.
¶Boiled food.

Main Article

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