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Volume 11, Number 4—April 2005

Research

Bed Bug Infestations in an Urban Environment

Stephen W. Hwang*†Comments to Author , Tomislav J. Svoboda*†, Iain J. De Jong‡, Karl J. Kabasele§, and Evie Gogosis*
Author affiliations: *St. Michael’s Hospital, Toronto, Canada; †University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; ‡City of Toronto, Toronto, Canada; and; §Toronto Public Health, Toronto, Canada

Main Article

Table 1

Reports of bed bug infestations in Toronto, 2003

Type of location Calls to pest control operators
Calls to Toronto Public Health
No. locations treated (%)* No. treatments (%) Mean no. treatments per location No. locations (%)
Single-family dwelling 588 (70) 641 (49) 1.1 2 (4)
Apartment unit 155 (18) 297 (23) 1.9 29 (63)
Homeless shelter 68 (8) 218 (17) 3.2 8 (17)
Hotel 19 (2) 96 (7) 5.1 1 (2)
Rooming house 6 (0.7) 16 (1) 2.7 5 (11)
Community center 5 (0.5) 5 (0.4) 1.0 1 (2)†
University dormitory 4 (0.5) 36 (3) 9.0 0 (0)
Restaurant 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) 1.0 0 (0)
Other residential institution 1 (0.1) 5 (0.4) 5.0 0 (0)
Total 847 (100) 1,315 (100) 1.6 46 (100)

*Figures in this column may reflect some double counting of locations (see details in Methods section).
†Infestation located at the clothing bank in a community center.

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