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Volume 11, Number 5—May 2005

Research

Assessing Parents' Perception of Children's Risk for Recreational Water Illnesses

Jacquelyn McClain*, Jay M. Bernhardt†Comments to Author , and Michael J. Beach‡
Author affiliations: *Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

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Table 2

Differences in perceived risk scales and subscales between stage 1 and stage 7*

Scale Stage 1
Stage 7
Mean (SD) n Mean (SD) n F
Disease vector acknowledgment 23.08 (2.47) 25 27.44 (4.59) 109 21.049†
Knowledge of germ transmission 21.60 (2.96) 25 24.12 (3.18) 109 13.05†
Perceived severity of diarrheal illness 11.74 (2.56) 23 13.03 (2.51) 104 5.004‡
Perceived severity of other illnesses 8.70 (2.20) 24 10.52 (1.96) 104 15.90†
Efficacy of behavioral modifications 21.50 (2.15) 24 21.26 (2.23) 105 0.24
Efficacy of swim diapers 6.17 (2.22) 24 5.22 (2.09) 106 3.95‡
Self-efficacy for gastrointestinal RWI prevention 14.70 (3.85) 22 15.53 (2.77) 96 1.25
Threat appraisal of RWI prevention 64.78 (7.12) 23 75.29 (8.60) 104 29.76†
Perceived risk for RWI 107.11 (9.44) 18 117.52 (9.04) 90 19.62†

*RWI, water recreational disease.
†p<0.001.
‡p<0.05.

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