Volume 11, Number 8—August 2005
Cost-Benefit of Stockpiling Drugs for Influenza Pandemic
|Efficacy of antiviral prophylaxis*|
|Efficacy of antiviral therapy|
|% reduction in hospitalization||59||30–70||27|
|% reduction in antimicrobial drug use||63||40–80||26|
|Reduction in lost work days under treatment||1||0.5–1.5||26|
|Annual probability of pandemic (%)||3||1–10||Assumed|
|% patients seeking medical care within 48 hours||80||70–90||16|
*Efficacy presented as percent reduction of attack rate.
†Based on a meta-analysis of 2 studies (see text for details).