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Volume 11, Number 8—August 2005

Research

Coxiella burnetii Genotyping

Olga Glazunova*1, Véronique Roux*1, Olga Freylikman*†, Zuzana Sekeyova*‡, Ghislain Fournous*, Judith Tyczka§, Nikolai Tokarevich†, Elena Kovacova‡, Thomas J. Marrie¶, and Didier Raoult*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Unité des Rickettsies, Marseille, France; †Pasteur Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology, Saint Petersburg, Russia; ‡Institute of Virology SAS, Bratislava, Slovak Republic; §University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany; ¶University of Alberta Department of Medicine, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

Main Article

Table A1

Isolates of Coxiella burnetii studied

Isolate Origin Disease, symptoms, clinical status Geographicsource ST (sequence type) Plasmid sequence type
CB108 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 2001 1 QpDV
CB1 Human heart valve Chronic Istres, France, 1989 1 QpDV
CB3 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France 1 QpDV
CB36 Human placenta Abortion Martigues, France, 1992 1 QpDV
CB38 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 1992 1 QpDV
CB41 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1993 1 QpDV
CB60 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 1996 1 QpDV
CB63 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1994 1 QpDV
CB75 Human blood Chronic Marseille, France, 1998 1 QpDV
CB82 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 1999 1 QpDV
CB86 Human blood Chronic Marseille, France, 1999 1 QpDV
CB87 Human placenta Abortion Martigues, France, 1999 1 QpDV
CB89 Human placenta Abortion Martigues, France, 2000 1 QpDV
CB94 Human blood Acute Aix en Provence, France, 2000 1 QpDV
CB97 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 2000 1 QpDV
CB110 Human blood Chronic Marseille, France, 2002 1 QpDV
CB28 Human blood Acute Salon de Provence, France, 1992 1 QpDV
CB26 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 1992 1 QpDV
CB64 Human blood Acute Martigues, France, 1996 1 QpDV
CB39 Human blood Acute Marseille, France, 1992 2 QpDV
RT-1140 Human blood Pneumonia Krimea, Ukrain 1954 2 QpDV
RT-Schperling Human blood Fever Kyrgyzstan, 1955 2 QpDV
CB118 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2004 3 QpDV
CB62 Human blood Acute Martigues, France, 1996 4 QpDV
CB20 Human blood Acute Salon de Provence, France, 1991 4 QpRS
CB51 Human placenta Abortion Madrid, Spain, 1996 4 QpDV
CB12 Human blood Acute Aix en Provence, France 4 QpDV
CB57 Human blood Acute Martigues, France, 1996 4 QpDV
CB54 Human blood Acute Aix en Provence, France, 1996 4 QpDV
CB111 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2003 5 QpRS
CB35 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1992 5 QpRS
CB45 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1993 6 QpRS
CB43 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1993 7 QpRS
Leningrad-2 Human blood - Leningrad, Russia, 1955 7 QpRS
Leningrad-4 Human blood - Leningrad, Russia, 1957 7 QpRS
CB10 Human heart valve Chronic aneurysm Grenoble, France 8 QpRS
CB9 Human blood Chronic Lyon, France 8 QpRS
CB31 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1992 8 QpRS
CB34 Human blood Chronic Marseille, France, 1992 8 QpRS
CB44 Human heart valve Chronic Créteil, France, 1993 8 QpRS
CB53 Aneurysm Chronic Marseille, France, 1995 8 QpRS
CB61 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Marseille, France, 1996 8 QpRS
CB70 Human heart valve Chronic Grenoble, France, 1997 8 QpRS
CB71 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Saint-Laurent du Var, France, 1997 8 QpRS
CB73 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Marseille, France, 1998 8 QpRS
CB81 Human heart valve Chronic Madrid, Spain, 1999 8 QpRS
CB91 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB93 Human placenta Abortion Dreux, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB95 Human blood Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB116 Aneurysm Chronic Marseille, France, 2003 8 QpRS
CB107 Human heart valve Chronic Tours, France, 2001 8 QpRS
CB96 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB114 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2003 8 QpRS
CB15 Human heart valve Chronic Lyon, France, 1991 8 QpRS
CB47 Human heart valve Chronic Barcelone, Spain, 1994 8 QpRS
CB99 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB106 Human heart valve Chronic Toulouse, France, 2001 8 QpRS
CB79 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1999 8 QpRS
CB98 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 8 QpRS
CB83 Goat placenta Abortion Newfoundland, USA, 1999 8 QpRS
CB8 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1990 8 QpRS
Priscilla Aborted goat Abortion Montana, USA, 1980 8 QpRS
CB117 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2004 8 QpRS
CB32 Human heart valve Chronic Lyon, France, 1992 9 QpRS
CB92 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 2000 9 QpRS
CB68 Pigeon excrement Marseille, France, 1996 9 QpRS
CB49 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1994 9 QpRS
CB65 Human heart valve Chronic Marseille, France, 1996 10 QpRS
CB103 Ewe placenta Abortion Marseille, France, 2001 10 QpRS
CB13 Human blood Chronic Paris, France 11 QpH1/QpDV
CB40 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1993 11 QpH1
CB46 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Paris, France, 1993 11 QpH1
CB5 Human blood Chronic Paris, France, 1990 12 QpH1
CB6 Human blood Chronic Paris, France 12 QpH1
CB42 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Toulouse, France, 1993 12 QpH1
CB52 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Paris, France, 1995 12 QpH1
CB56 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1996 12 QpH1
CB58 Spleen abscess Lyon, France, 1996 12 QpH1
CB76 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1998 12 QpH1
CB105 Human heart valve Chronic Montpellier, France, 2001 12 QpH1
CB112 Human heart valve Chronic Zurich, Switzerland, 2003 12 QpH1
CB109 Human heart valve Chronic Berlin, Germany, 2002 12 QpH1
CB113 Goat placenta Abortion Albi, France, 2003 12 QpH1
CB33 Human heart valve Chronic Clermont-Ferrand, France, 1992 12 QpH1
CB55 Vegetation Chronic Paris, France, 1996 12 QpH1
CB2 Human blood Immunodepression Toulouse, France, 13 QpH1
CB69 Vegetation Chronic Toulouse, France, 1996 13 QpH1
CB85 Human blood Chronic Tours, France, 1999 14 QpH1
CB74 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Toulouse, France, 1998 14 QpH1
CB59 Aneurysm Chronic aneurysm Saint-Etienne, France, 1996 14 QpH1
CB80 Node Chronic Niort, France, 1999 14 QpH1
Z3055 Ewe placenta Abortion Germany 14 QpH1
CB102 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Poitiers, France, 2001 15 QpH1
CB11 Human blood Acute Marseille, France 16 QpH1
CB23 Human blood Chronic Clermont-Ferrand, France, 1988 16 QpH1
Brasov Human Acute Romania 16 QpH1
Bangui Human blood Acute Central Africa 16 QpH1
California Cow milk Persistent California, USA, 1947 16 QpH1
CB25 Human blood Acute Paris, France, 1991 16 QpH1
Dyer Human blood Acute USA, 1938 16 QpH1
Ohio Cow milk Persistent Ohio, USA, 1956 16 QpH1
Nine Mile Tick Montana, USA, 1935 16 QpH1
CS-KL 9 Ixodes ricinus Slovakia, 1989 16 QpH1
Z-2775/90 Cow placenta Abortion Germany, 1990 16 QpH1
J-1 Cow milk Japan 16 QpH1
J-3 Cow milk Japan 16 QpH1
J-27 Cow milk Japan 16 QpH1
J-60 Cow milk Japan 16 QpH1
J-82 Cow milk Japan 16 QpH1
Hardthof Cow milk Germany, 1990 16 QpH1
CB77 Human heart valve Chronic Paris, France, 1998 17 QpH1
CB100 Human blood Chronic Strasbourg, France 18 QpH1
Henzerling Human blood Acute Italy/Slovakia, 1945 18 QpH1
Balaceanu Human Acute Romania 18 QpH1
Geier Human Acute Romania 18 QpH1
Heizberg Human Acute Greece 18 QpH1
Cs-Florian Human blood Slovakia, 1956 18 QpH1
Z-3464/92 Goat placenta Abortion Germany, 1992 18 QpH1
Z-4488/93 Ewe placenta Abortion Germany, 1993 18 QpH1
Z-349-36/94 Ewe placenta Germany, 1994 18 QpH1
München Sheep München, Germany, 1969 18 QpH1
CB119 Human heart valve Chronic Senegal, 2004 19 QpH1
CB48 Human placenta Abortion Grenoble, France, 1994 20 QpH1
CB50 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Paris, France, 1994 20 QpH1
CB66 Aneurysm Chronic aneurysm Marseille, France, 1996 20 QpH1
CB72 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Paris, France, 1996 20 QpH1
CB78 Valvular prosthesis Chronic Marseille, France, 1998 20 QpH1
CB88 Human heart valve Chronic Lyon, France, 1999 20 QpH1
CB90 Human heart valve Chronic Lyon, France,2000 20 QpH1
Z-3567/92 Cow placenta Abortion Germany, 1992 20 QpH1
Dugway 5J108-111 Rodent Utah, USA, 1958 20 QpH1
CB4 Human blood Chronic Montpellier, France,1988 21 QpH1
CB7 Human heart valve Chronic Aneurysm Marseille, France 21 QpH1
Q229 Human heart valve Chronic Nova Scotia, Canada, 1982 21 QpH1
Dog CB Dog uterus Nova Scotia, Canada, 1995 21
Poker Cat Cat Nova Scotia, Canada, 1986 21
CBNSC1 Cat Nova Scotia, Canada, 1986 21 QpH1
Dog ut Ad Dog uterus Nova Scotia, Canada, 1989 21
CB115 Human heart valve Chronic Nova Scotia, Canada, 2003 21
Q212 Human heart valve Chronic Nova Scotia, Canada, 1981 21
Scurry Q217 Human liver biopsy Hepatitis Rocky Mountain, USA 21
48 Haemaphysalis punctata Slovakia, 1970 22 QpH1
Irkutsk Tick Irkutsk, Russia1969 23 QpH1
Uzbekistan Cow placenta Uzbekistan, 1971 23 QpH1
1894 Liver and spleen of wild bird Czechoslovakia, 1954 23 QpH1
Kazakhstan-6 Dermacentor marginatus Kazakhstan, 1969 23 QpH1
K-261-Louga Cow milk Leningrad, Russia, 1959 23 QpH1
Kazakhstan -5 Dermacentor hirundinis Kazakhstan, 1969 23 QpH1
Russet mouse Russet mouse viscera Pskov, Russia 23 QpH1
II/IA Dermacentor marginatus Slovakia, 1972 23 QpH1
IXO Ixodes ricinus Czech Republic, 1957 23 QpH1
Mongolia-2 Dermacentor nuttalli Mongolia, 1985 23 QpH1
CS-27 Dermacentor marginatus Slovakia, 1972 23 QpH1
Oufa-1 Human blood Oufa, Russia 23 QpH1
Oufa-2 Ewe placenta Abortion Oufa, Russia 23 QpH1
Louga-3 Ixodes ricinus Leningrad, Russia, 1962 23 QpH1
Louga-2 Ixodes ricinus Leningrag, Russia, 1959 23 QpH1
Louga-1 Cimex lecturalius Leningrad, Russia, 1959 23 QpH1
Louga rodent Apodemus flavicollis viscera Leningrad, Russia, 1958 23 QpH1
Mongolia-1 Dermacentor silvarum Mongolia, 1984 23 QpH1
Vologda-2 Human blood Vologda, Russia, 1987 23 QpH1
8931 F10 Cow placenta Abortion Germany 24 QpH1
Grita - Germany, 1940-1945 25 QpH1
M-44 Vaccine Russia 25 QpH1
Kazakhstan-4 Fly Kazakhstan, 1965 25 QpH1
Termez Human blood Uzbekistan, 1952 26 QpRS
Z2534 Goat placenta Abortion Austria 27 QpH1
Kazakhstan-1 Ewe placenta Abortion Kazakhstan 28 QpRS
Kazakhstan-2 Cow milk Kazakhstan, 1962 28 QpRS
Kazakhstan-3 Hyalomma tick Kazakhstan, 1962 28 QpRS
Tcheredov Human blood Kazakhstan, 1965 28 QpRS
Henzerling-r * Human blood Italy, 1945 / Slovakia, 29 QpH1
Namibia Goat Namibia, 1991 30 QpRS

*Strain resistant to chlortetracycline obtained by passages in embryonated hen's eggs in presence of increasing doses of chlortetracycline.

Main Article

1Dr. Glazunova and Dr. Roux contributed equally to this work.

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