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Volume 12, Number 10—October 2006

Research

Active Surveillance of Candidemia, Australia

Sharon Chen*Comments to Author , Monica Slavin†, Quoc Nguyen‡, Deborah Marriott‡, E. Geoffrey Playford§, David Ellis¶, Tania Sorrell*#, and the Australian Candidemia Study
Author affiliations: *Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia; †Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; ‡St. Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; §Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; ¶Women's and Children's Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia; #University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Main Article

Table 1

Number and incidence of candidemia cases reported in all jurisdictions, Australia, 2001–2004*

Parameter State or territory
NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT Total
No. cases (%) 399 (36.4) 300 (27.4) 273 (24.9) 45 (4.1) 40 (3.7) 19 (1.7) 5 (0.5) 14 (1.3) 1,095 (100.0)
Mean incidence per 100,000 population 1.98 2.01† 2.34 0.99 0.67 1.31 0.83 1.44 1.81†
Mean incidence per 1,000 separations‡ 0.19 0.36 0.18 0.25 0.16 0.09 0.05 0.09 0.21
No. institutions 35 15 30 3 3 2 1 1 90
Acquisition (% of episodes)§
IHCA 79.1 83.4 79.3 90.2 87.5 89.5 50 85.7 81.5
OHCA 10.9 14.2 10.7 9.8 2.5 10.5 0 14.3 11.6
CA 10.0 2.4 10.0 0 10.0 0 50.0 0 6.9

*NSW, New South Wales; VIC, Victoria; QLD, Queensland; SA, South Australia; WA, Western Australia; TAS, Tasmania, NT, Northern Territory; ACT, Australian Capital Territory; IHCA, inpatient healthcare-associated; OHCA, outpatient healthcare-associated; CA, community-acquired.
†Mean incidences per 100,000 in VIC and in Australia are 2.25 and 1.87, respectively, with inclusion of 36 cases identified at the nonparticipating adult hospital.
‡Data available for 17 hospitals in NSW, 8 in VIC, 8 in QLD, 2 in SA, 1 in WA, 2 in TAS, 1 in NT, and 1 in ACT.
§Data for 919 candidemia episodes.

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