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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Dispatch

Rabies Virus Maintained by Dogs in Humans and Terrestrial Wildlife, Ceará State, Brazil

Silvana R. Favoretto*†Comments to Author , Cecília C. de Mattos‡, Nélio B. de Morais§, Maria Luíza Carrieri*, Benedito N. Rolim§, Lucia M. Silva§, Charles E. Rupprecht‡, Edison L. Durigon†, and Carlos A. de Mattos‡
Author affiliations: *Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; †Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil

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Figure 2

Neighbor-joining tree showing a comparison of Ceará samples (groups A, B, C, D, E) with isolates obtained from the Americas. Bootstrap values of >50% obtained from 100 resamplings of the data using distance matrix methods are shown in the nods. The sequences from Latin America used in the comparison were identified as as follows: group I, dogs and terrestrial wildlife from Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Dominican Republic, and Peru (mxsk, skunk from Mexico; mxdg and mxmx, dog from Mexico; vedg,

Figure 2. Neighbor-joining tree showing a comparison of Ceará samples (groups A, B, C, D, E) with isolates obtained from the Americas. Bootstrap values of >50% obtained from 100 resamplings of the data using distance matrix methods are shown in the nods. The sequences from Latin America used in the comparison were identified as as follows: group I, dogs and terrestrial wildlife from Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Dominican Republic, and Peru (mxsk, skunk from Mexico; mxdg and mxmx, dog from Mexico; vedg, dog from Venezuela; codg, dog from Colombia; drmg, mongoose from Dominican Republic; mxgm, bobcat from Mexico; pefx, fox from Peru) and terrestrial wildlife from the United States (caussk, skunk from California; txuscy, coyote from Texas; wiussk, striped skunk from Wisconsin; arussk, striped skunk from Arkansas; azusfox, gray fox from Arizona; txusfx, gray fox from Texas); and group II, terrestrial wildlife from the United States (flrac, raccoon from Florida; parac, raccoon from Philadelphia; ksussk, striped skunk from Kansas; arussk, striped skunk from Arkansas). The antigenic variant and endemic cycle to which it belongs are shown in the tree. (GenBank accession no. AB201803 is a vampire bat from Brazil and nos. AY654585, AY654587, AY654586 are humans and a marmoset from Brazil). EC, endemic cycle.

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