Rabies Virus Maintained by Dogs in Humans and Terrestrial Wildlife, Ceará State, Brazil
Silvana R. Favoretto*† , Cecília C. de Mattos‡, Nélio B. de Morais§, Maria Luíza Carrieri*, Benedito N. Rolim§, Lucia M. Silva§, Charles E. Rupprecht‡, Edison L. Durigon†, and Carlos A. de Mattos‡
Author affiliations: *Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; †Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; ‡Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; §Secretaria Estadual de Saúde do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
Figure 2. Neighbor-joining tree showing a comparison of Ceará samples (groups A, B, C, D, E) with isolates obtained from the Americas. Bootstrap values of >50% obtained from 100 resamplings of the data using distance matrix methods are shown in the nods. The sequences from Latin America used in the comparison were identified as as follows: group I, dogs and terrestrial wildlife from Mexico, Venezuela, Colombia, Dominican Republic, and Peru (mxsk, skunk from Mexico; mxdg and mxmx, dog from Mexico; vedg, dog from Venezuela; codg, dog from Colombia; drmg, mongoose from Dominican Republic; mxgm, bobcat from Mexico; pefx, fox from Peru) and terrestrial wildlife from the United States (caussk, skunk from California; txuscy, coyote from Texas; wiussk, striped skunk from Wisconsin; arussk, striped skunk from Arkansas; azusfox, gray fox from Arizona; txusfx, gray fox from Texas); and group II, terrestrial wildlife from the United States (flrac, raccoon from Florida; parac, raccoon from Philadelphia; ksussk, striped skunk from Kansas; arussk, striped skunk from Arkansas). The antigenic variant and endemic cycle to which it belongs are shown in the tree. (GenBank accession no. AB201803 is a vampire bat from Brazil and nos. AY654585, AY654587, AY654586 are humans and a marmoset from Brazil). EC, endemic cycle.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.