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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Research

Distinct Transmission Cycles of Leishmania tropica in 2 Adjacent Foci, Northern Israel

Milena Svobodova*, Jan Votypka*, Jitka Peckova*, Vít Dvorak*, Abedelmajeed Nasereddin†, Gad Baneth†, Julia Sztern†, Vasiliy Kravchenko†, Amnon Orr‡, David Meir§, Lionel F. Schnur†, Petr Volf*, and Alon Warburg†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic; †The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; ‡Tiberias Veterinary Center, Tiberias, Israel; §Nature and National Parks Protection Authority, Jerusalem, Israel

Main Article

Table 2

Leishmania tropica infection rates among Phlebotomus sand flies and rock hyraxes in the Galilee foci, northern Israel*

Focus Sand flies, rate (%)
Rock hyraxes, rate (%)
P. arabicus P. sergenti
Northern 4/61 (7)† 1/125 (1)† 8/73 (11)†
Southern Species not found 19/196 (10)† 6/46 (13)‡

*Values are no. infected/no. tested (%). Sand fly infection rates were based on parasite isolation. Rock hyrax infection rates were determined by PCR and 1 isolate.
Leishmania species confirmed by internal transcribed spacer region 1 PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (Figure 2 and Figure 3).
Leishmania species confirmed by reverse line blot (data not shown).

*Values are no. infected/no. tested (%). Sand fly infection rates were based on parasite isolation. Rock hyrax infection rates were determined by PCR and 1 isolate.
Leishmania species confirmed by internal transcribed spacer region 1 PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (Figure 2 and Figure 3).
Leishmania species confirmed by reverse line blot (data not shown).

*Values are no. infected/no. tested (%). Sand fly infection rates were based on parasite isolation. Rock hyrax infection rates were determined by PCR and 1 isolate.
Leishmania species confirmed by internal transcribed spacer region 1 PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism (Figure 2 and Figure 3).
Leishmania species confirmed by reverse line blot (data not shown).

Main Article

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