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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Research

Long-term Psychological and Occupational Effects of Providing Hospital Healthcare during SARS Outbreak

Robert G. Maunder*†Comments to Author , William J. Lancee*†, Kenneth E. Balderson*‡, Jocelyn P. Bennett*, Bjug Borgundvaag*†, Susan Evans§, Christopher M.B. Fernandes¶#, David S. Goldbloom†**, Mona Gupta†††, Jonathan J. Hunter*†, Linda McGillis Hall†, Lynn M. Nagle†, Clare Pain*†, Sonia S. Peczeniuk‡‡, Glenna Raymond§§, Nancy Read‡, Sean B. Rourke†‡, Rosalie J. Steinberg*†, Thomas E. Stewart*†, Susan VanDeVelde Coke††, Georgina G. Veldhorst¶¶, and Donald A. Wasylenki†‡
Author affiliations: *Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡Saint Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §The Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ¶Hamilton Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; #McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; **Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ††Sunnybrook and Women's Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡‡Rouge Valley Health System, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §§Whitby Mental Health Centre, Whitby, Canada; ¶¶North York General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Table 1

Scales to measure perceptions about severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) experience

Scale Perception
Training, protection and support*
Cronbach α = 0.89
I had adequate training to deal confidently with the situations that I faced.
Infection control procedures were adequately explained.
I received adequate training in infection control procedures.
I was provided with the protective equipment and procedures that I needed.
I had someone to ask when I had problems using equipment.
The hospital where I worked took my well-being into account when decisions were made that affected me.
Emotional support (e.g., counseling) was available to those who needed help.
I felt appreciated by the hospital/clinic/my employer.
My hospital/workplace was supportive.
Job stress†
Cronbach α = 0.76
There was more conflict among colleagues at work.
I felt more stressed at work.
I had to do work that normally I don't do.
I had an increase workload.
I had to work overtime.
Perceived stigma and interpersonal avoidance†
Cronbach α = 0.77 I thought that people avoided me because of my profession.
I thought that people avoided my family members because of my profession.
I coped with the SARS situation by avoiding crowded places.
I coped with the SARS situation by avoiding colleagues who might be exposed.

*Items scored on a 5-point scale from 1 (very confident that this is false) to 5 (very confident that this is true).
†Items scored on a 6-point scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree).

*Items scored on a 5-point scale from 1 (very confident that this is false) to 5 (very confident that this is true).
†Items scored on a 6-point scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree).

*Items scored on a 5-point scale from 1 (very confident that this is false) to 5 (very confident that this is true).
†Items scored on a 6-point scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree).

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