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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Research

Long-term Psychological and Occupational Effects of Providing Hospital Healthcare during SARS Outbreak

Robert G. Maunder*†Comments to Author , William J. Lancee*†, Kenneth E. Balderson*‡, Jocelyn P. Bennett*, Bjug Borgundvaag*†, Susan Evans§, Christopher M.B. Fernandes¶#, David S. Goldbloom†**, Mona Gupta†††, Jonathan J. Hunter*†, Linda McGillis Hall†, Lynn M. Nagle†, Clare Pain*†, Sonia S. Peczeniuk‡‡, Glenna Raymond§§, Nancy Read‡, Sean B. Rourke†‡, Rosalie J. Steinberg*†, Thomas E. Stewart*†, Susan VanDeVelde Coke††, Georgina G. Veldhorst¶¶, and Donald A. Wasylenki†‡
Author affiliations: *Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡Saint Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §The Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ¶Hamilton Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; #McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; **Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ††Sunnybrook and Women's Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡‡Rouge Valley Health System, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §§Whitby Mental Health Centre, Whitby, Canada; ¶¶North York General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Main Article

Table 4

Prevalence of adverse outcomes in Hamilton and Toronto healthcare workers*

Adverse outcomes Toronto, n = 587, % Hamilton, n = 182, % p value
High burnout (MBI-EE score >27) 30.4 19.2 0.003
High psychological distress (K10 score >16) 44.9 30.2 <0.001
High posttraumatic stress (IES score >26) 13.8 8.4 0.06
Since SARS have
Decreased face-to-face patient contact 16.5 8.3 0.007
Decreased work hours 8.6 2.2 0.003
Increased smoking, drinking alcohol, or other behavior that could interfere with work or relationships 21.0 8.1 0.001
Missed >4 work shifts because of stress or illness 21.6% 12.6% 0.007

*MBI-EE, Maslach Burnout Inventory; K10, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale; IES, Impact of Events Scale; SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome.

*MBI-EE, Maslach Burnout Inventory; K10, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale; IES, Impact of Events Scale; SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome.

*MBI-EE, Maslach Burnout Inventory; K10, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale; IES, Impact of Events Scale; SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome.

Main Article

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