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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Research

Long-term Psychological and Occupational Effects of Providing Hospital Healthcare during SARS Outbreak

Robert G. Maunder*†Comments to Author , William J. Lancee*†, Kenneth E. Balderson*‡, Jocelyn P. Bennett*, Bjug Borgundvaag*†, Susan Evans§, Christopher M.B. Fernandes¶#, David S. Goldbloom†**, Mona Gupta†††, Jonathan J. Hunter*†, Linda McGillis Hall†, Lynn M. Nagle†, Clare Pain*†, Sonia S. Peczeniuk‡‡, Glenna Raymond§§, Nancy Read‡, Sean B. Rourke†‡, Rosalie J. Steinberg*†, Thomas E. Stewart*†, Susan VanDeVelde Coke††, Georgina G. Veldhorst¶¶, and Donald A. Wasylenki†‡
Author affiliations: *Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; †University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡Saint Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §The Scarborough Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ¶Hamilton Health Sciences Centre, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; #McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada; **Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ††Sunnybrook and Women's Health Sciences Centre, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; ‡‡Rouge Valley Health System, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; §§Whitby Mental Health Centre, Whitby, Canada; ¶¶North York General Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Main Article

Table 7

Variables that explain variance in adverse outcomes to severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Toronto healthcare workers

Variables β t p value
Dependent variable: burnout*
Maladaptive coping 0.29 3.34 0.001
Perceived adequacy of training, protection and support –0.27 –3.10 0.002
Model R2 = 0.18, p<0.001
Dependent variable: psychological distress†
Maladaptive coping 0.31 3.78 <0.001
Years of healthcare experience –0.26 –3.28 0.001
Attachment anxiety 0.24 2.87 0.005
Model R2 = 0.31, p<0.001
Dependent variable: posttraumatic stress‡
Maladaptive coping 0.37 4.39 <0.001
Perceived adequacy of training, protection and support –0.22 –2.63 0.01
Model R2 = 0.21, p<0.001

*Excluded variables: job stress, attachment anxiety, job type, worked in intensive care unit, unprotected contact with SARS patient(s).
†Excluded variables: job stress, attachment avoidance, worked in emergency department, in SARS patients room >5 min or >5 times.
‡Excluded variables: perceived stigma and avoidance, adaptive coping, attachment anxiety, job type, sex.

*Excluded variables: job stress, attachment anxiety, job type, worked in intensive care unit, unprotected contact with SARS patient(s).
†Excluded variables: job stress, attachment avoidance, worked in emergency department, in SARS patients room >5 min or >5 times.
‡Excluded variables: perceived stigma and avoidance, adaptive coping, attachment anxiety, job type, sex.

*Excluded variables: job stress, attachment anxiety, job type, worked in intensive care unit, unprotected contact with SARS patient(s).
†Excluded variables: job stress, attachment avoidance, worked in emergency department, in SARS patients room >5 min or >5 times.
‡Excluded variables: perceived stigma and avoidance, adaptive coping, attachment anxiety, job type, sex.

Main Article

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