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Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Research

Salmonella Enteritidis in Broiler Chickens, United States, 2000–2005

Sean F. Altekruse*Comments to Author , Nathan Bauer†, Amy Chanlongbutra*, Robert DeSagun*, Alecia Naugle*, Wayne Schlosser†, Robert Umholtz*, and Patricia White‡
Author affiliations: *US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service, Washington, DC, USA; †US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service, College Station, Texas, USA; ‡US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service, Omaha, Nebraska, USA

Main Article

Table 2

Establishments with Salmonella Enteritidis (SE)–positive broiler rinses, by establishment size,* 2000–2005

Year All*
Large†
Small‡
No. tested SE positive (%) No. tested SE positive (%) No. tested SE positive (%)
2000 197 17 (9) 128 9 (7) 60 8 (13)
2001 186 15 (8) 111 10 (9) 61 5 (8)
2002 185 22 (12) 123 17 (14) 53 5 (9)
2003 143 25 (17) 103 17 (17) 37 8 (22)
2004 160 25 (16) 111 16 (14) 43 9 (21)
2005 187 47 (25) 126 32 (25) 48 15 (31)

*Establishment size: large >500; small >10 to <500; very small <10 employees. (SE was not isolated in the 54 sets from very small establishments.) Ninety establishments had SE-positive broiler rinses; 63 (70%) were large and 27 (30%) were small.
†Test for trend, p<0.0001.
‡Test for trend, p<0.01.

*Establishment size: large >500; small >10 to <500; very small <10 employees. (SE was not isolated in the 54 sets from very small establishments.) Ninety establishments had SE-positive broiler rinses; 63 (70%) were large and 27 (30%) were small.
†Test for trend, p<0.0001.
‡Test for trend, p<0.01.

*Establishment size: large >500; small >10 to <500; very small <10 employees. (SE was not isolated in the 54 sets from very small establishments.) Ninety establishments had SE-positive broiler rinses; 63 (70%) were large and 27 (30%) were small.
†Test for trend, p<0.0001.
‡Test for trend, p<0.01.

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