Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content

Volume 12, Number 12—December 2006

Dispatch

Mastomys natalensis and Lassa Fever, West Africa

Emilie Lecompte*Comments to Author , Elisabeth Fichet-Calvet†, Stéphane Daffis*‡, Kékoura Koulémou§, Oumar Sylla§, Fodé Kourouma§, Amadou Doré§, Barré Soropogui§, Vladimir Aniskin¶, Bernard Allali#, Stéphane Kouassi Kan#, Aude Lalis†, Lamine Koivogui§, Stephan Günther**, Christiane Denys†, and Jan ter Meulen*††
Author affiliations: *Philipps University Institute of Virology, Marburg, Germany; †Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France; ‡Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA; §Projet de Recherches sur les Fièvres Hémorragiques en Guinée, Conakry, Guinea; ¶Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Moscow, Russia; #Institut Pasteur d'Abidjan, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; **Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine, Hamburg, Germany; ††Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands

Main Article

Table

Small mammal species examined for arenavirus infection by reverse transcription PCR*

Species Lassa fever high-prevalence areas
Lassa fever low-prevalence areas
Total
No. examined No. positive (%) No. examined No. positive (%) No. examined No. positive (%)
Mastomys natalensis 726 96 (13.2) 121 0 847 96 (11.3)
Mastomys erythroleucus 65 0 137 0 202 0
Mus (Nannomys) spp. 131 1 (0.7) 34 1 (5.6) 165 2 (1.2)
Praomys cf. rostratus 78 0 42 0 117 0
Myomys daltoni 24 0 25 0 49 0
Crocidura spp. 22 0 18 0 40 0
Lophuromys sikapusi 18 0 21 0 39 0
Lemniscomys spp. 19 0 10 0 29 0
Rattus rattus 8 0 51 0 59 0
Tatera cf. guinea 3 0 12 0 15 0
Uranomys ruddi 1 0 6 0 7 0
Hylomyscus simus 5 0 0 0 5 0
Malacomys edwardsi 2 0 0 0 2 0
Hybomys spp. 3 0 0 0 3 0
Mus musculus 0 0 1 0 1 0
Cricetomys gambianus 1 0 0 0 1 0
Graphiurus sp. 1 0 0 0 1 0
Paraxerus sp. 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sylvisorex sp. 1 0 0 0 1 0
Micropteropus sp. 0 0 4 0 4 0
Thamnomys sp. 0 0 1 0 1 0
Dasymys rufulus 0 0 1 0 1 0
Lepus sp. 0 0 1 0 1 0
Total/Lassa virus 1,271 96 320 0 1,591 96 (6)
Total/Arenaviruses 1,271 97 320 1 1,591 98 (6.2)

*The Lassa fever high-prevalence areas comprise the region of Faranah and the forest region (Figure 1); the low-prevalence areas comprise all other localities of the study.

*The Lassa fever high-prevalence areas comprise the region of Faranah and the forest region (Figure 1); the low-prevalence areas comprise all other localities of the study.

Main Article

TOP