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Volume 12, Number 2—February 2006

Research

Global Socioeconomic Impact of Cystic Echinococcosis

Christine M. Budke*, Peter Deplazes*, and Paul R. Torgerson*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

Main Article

Table 5

Global annual cystic echinococcosis–associated economic losses to humans

Region Total adjusted economic losses (95% CI)*(US $) Total adjusted economic losses (95% CI)† (US $)
Western Europe, USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand $309,983,585 ($244,256,327–$383,371,741) $354,460,281 ($277,178,852–$440,438,597)
Middle Eastern Crescent $197,276,106 ($158,870,204–$240,282,181) $564,496,304 ($454,402,304–$690,682,060)
Formerly socialist economies of Europe and Russia $46,896,902 ($37,750,210–$57,355,873) $143,921,865 ($114,323,294–$176,555,114)
China $146,129,578 ($114,279,187–$181,937,463) $663,712,150 ($516,048,103–$826,353,341)
Other Asia and Islands $1,535,990 ($1,159,946–$1,946,632) $2,412,386 ($1,826,342–$3,074,240)
Sub-Saharan Africa $832,295 ($649,915–$1,035,681) $5,176,229 ($3,710,869–$6,969,680)
Latin America and the Caribbean $48,396,449 ($38,408,001–$59,672,173) $120,717,047 ($95,789,339–$148,939,896)
India $12,930,073 ($9,674,489–$16,499,072) $63,422,693 ($47,576,673–$80,430,630)
World $763,980,979 ($676,048,731–$857,982,275) $1,918,318,955 ($1,700,574,632–$2,142,268,992)

*Income losses based on per capita gross national income (GNI) (Atlas method); CI, confidence interval.
†Income losses based on purchasing power parity–adjusted per capita GNI.

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