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Volume 12, Number 3—March 2006

Research

Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis, United States and Canada, 2000–2003

Zandra H. Duprey*, Francis J. Steurer*, Jane A. Rooney*, Louis V. Kirchhoff†, Joan E. Jackson‡, Edgar D. Rowton‡, and Peter M. Schantz*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA; ‡Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA

Main Article

Table 1

Distribution of serum Leishmania antibody titers in kenneled hunting dogs, United States and Canada, 2000–2003

Serosurvey IF titer*
16 32 64 128 256 >512
First serosurvey (n = 12,411)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 1,667 736 267 190 133 81
Seroprevalence (%) 13.4 5.9 2.2 1.5 1.1 0.7
Second serosurvey (n = 4,614)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 1,033 511 195 134 99 62
Seroprevalence (%) 22.4 11.1 4.2 2.9 2.1 1.3
Third serosurvey (n = 1,493)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 438 211 96 67 52 40
Seroprevalence (%) 29.3 14.1 6.4 4.5 3.5 2.7
Fourth serosurvey (n = 792)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 262 141 79 58 51 38
Seroprevalence (%) 33.1 17.8 10.0 7.3 6.4 4.8
Fifth serosurvey (n = 571)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 149 91 58 50 42 33
Seroprevalence (%) 26.1 15.9 10.2 8.8 7.4 5.8
Sixth serosurvey (n = 421)
Cumulative no. seroreactive 115 76 50 42 37 29
Seroprevalence (%) 27.3 18.1 11.9 10.0 8.8 6.9

*IIF, indirect immunofluorescent assay.

Main Article

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