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Volume 12, Number 3—March 2006

Research

Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis, United States and Canada, 2000–2003

Zandra H. Duprey*, Francis J. Steurer*, Jane A. Rooney*, Louis V. Kirchhoff†, Joan E. Jackson‡, Edgar D. Rowton‡, and Peter M. Schantz*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA; †University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA; ‡Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Washington, DC, USA

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Table 5

Distribution of Leishmania antibody titers in pet dogs, shelter dogs, and wild canids, 2001–2002

Animal Titer
<16 16 32 64 128 256 >512
Pet dogs* (n = 709) 706 3 0 0 0 0 0
Shelter dogs,† Dutchess County (n = 74) 71 2 1 0 0 0 0
Shelter dogs,† Orange County (n = 55) 53 2 0 0 0 0 0
Wild canids‡ (n = 291) 286 2 0 0 0

*Samples from pet and sporting dogs submitted to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention from numerous states for leishmaniasis testing to fulfill entry requirements for countries that require it.
†Samples from dogs retained in county animal shelters.
‡Samples from wild canids collected in the southeastern United States included. Species included red fox (Vulpes vulpes, n = 158), gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargentus, n = 51), and coyote (Canis latrans, n = 82).
§1 of the 2 canids with titer of 32 and the canid with titer of 128 were Trypanosoma cruzi RIPA-positive.

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