West Nile Virus Infections Projected from Blood Donor Screening Data, United States, 2003
Michael P. Busch*† , David J. Wright‡, Brian Custer*, Leslie H. Tobler*, Susan L. Stramer§, Steven H. Kleinman*‡¶, Harry E. Prince#, Celso Bianco**, Gregory Foster§, Lyle R. Petersen††, George Nemo‡‡, and Simone A. Glynn‡
Author affiliations: *Blood Systems Research Institute, San Francisco, California, USA; †University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; ‡Westat, Rockville, Maryland, USA; §American Red Cross National Testing and Reference Laboratories, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA; ¶University of British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada; #Focus Diagnostics, Cypress, California, USA; **America's Blood Centers, Washington DC, USA; ††Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; ‡‡National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
Figure 1. Yield of West Nile virus nucleic acid amplification test (NAT) screening of 4,585,573 donations at American Red Cross and America's Blood Centers (constituting ≈95% of US collections) from July 1 to October 31, 2003. A total of 944 confirmed viremic donations were identified, including 770 that were detectable by minipool-NAT and 174 detectable only by individual donation NAT. MP, minipool; ID, individual donation.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.