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Volume 12, Number 4—April 2006

Perspective

Negligible Risk for Epidemics after Geophysical Disasters

Nathalie Floret*†, Jean-François Viel*†, Frédéric Mauny*†, Bruno Hoen*†, and Renaud Piarroux*†Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *University Hospital of Besançon¸ Besançon, France; †University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

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Table

Infectious diseases and outbreaks after major disasters (>1,000 deaths), 1985–2004

Date Type of disaster Location No. deaths Infectious diseases and outbreaks*
September 1985 Earthquake Mexico 9,500 No report
November 1985 Volcano eruption Colombia 21,800 Giardiasis, no outbreak
August 1986 Volcano eruption Cameroon 1,746 No report
October 1986 Earthquake El Salvador 1,100 No report
March 1987 Earthquake Ecuador 5,000 No report
December 1988 Earthquake Armenia 25,000 No report
June 1990 Earthquake Iran 26,796 No report
July 1990 Earthquake Philippines 2,412 No report
October 1991 Earthquake India 20,005 No report
December 1992 Earthquake Indonesia 2,500 No report
September 1993 Earthquake India 9,748 No report
January 1995 Earthquake Japan 5,297 Pneumonia
May 1995 Earthquake Russia 1,989 No report
February 1997 Earthquake Iran 1,728 No report
May 1997 Earthquake Iran 1,100 No report
February 1998 Earthquake Afghanistan 1,000 No report
May 1998 Earthquake Afghanistan 4,700 No report
July 1998 Tsunami Papua New Guinea 2,182 No outbreak
January 1999 Earthquake Colombia 1,186 No report
August 1999 Earthquake Turkey 17,127 Diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, skin infections, no outbreak
September 1999 Earthquake Taiwan 2,264 Diarrhea, RTI, no outbreak
January 2001 Earthquake India 1,500 No report
March 2002 Earthquake Afghanistan 2,323 No report
May 2003 Earthquake Algeria 2,266 No report
December 2003 Earthquake Iran 40,000 Diarrhea, RTI, no outbreak
December 2004 Tsunami Bay of Bengal >200,000 No outbreak

*RTI, respiratory tract infection.

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