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Volume 12, Number 5—May 2006
THEME ISSUE
Tuberculosis Special Section

Dispatch

Tuberculosis-HIV Co-infection in Kiev City, Ukraine

Marieke J. van der Werf*Comments to Author , Olga B. Yegorova†, Nelly Chentsova‡, Yuriy Chechulin§, Epco Hasker*§, Vasyl I. Petrenko¶, Jaap Veen*, and Leonid V. Turchenko†
Author affiliations: *KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, the Netherlands; †Kiev City Tuberculosis Department, Kiev, Ukraine; ‡Kiev Anti-AIDS Centre, Kiev, Ukraine; §Project Tuberculosis Prevention and Control in Kiev City, Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine; ¶O.O. Bogmolic National Medical University, Kiev City, Ukraine

Main Article

Table 1

Risk factors for a positive HIV test in patients with newly diagnosed TB in Kiev City, Ukraine*

Variable No. (% HIV infected) Univariate, OR (95% CI) Multivariate, OR (95% CI)
Sex
Male 712 (11.0) 1
Female 256 (7.8) 0.69 (0.41–1.15)
Age, y
18–29 318 (14.8) 1 1
30–39 224 (17.4) 1.22 (0.76–1.93) 1.69 (0.94–3.04)
40–49 195 (4.6) 0.28 (0.13–0.58) 0.56 (0.24–1.30)
>50 231 (1.3) 0.08 (0.02–0.25) 0.18 (0.05–0.62)
Classification
PTB+ 541 (10.5) 1
PTB- 379 (8.2) 0.76 (0.48–1.20)
EPTB 48 (20.8) 2.24 (1.06–4.72)
STD in last 5 y
No 880 (8.6) 1 1
Yes 27 (22.2) 3.02 (1.18–7.72) 4.41 (1.57–12.38)
Unknown 61 (26.2) 3.76 (2.03–7.00) 1.99 (0.84–4.71)
Homeless
Yes 56 (12.5) 1.29 (0.57–2.93)
No 912 (10.0) 1
Injecting drug use
Yes 84 (66.7) 40.10 (23.15–69.45) 31.42 (17.35–56.87)
No 884 (4.8) 1 1
Abuse of alcohol
Yes 105 (10.5) 1.04 (0.54–2.03)
No 863 (10.1) 1
Incarcerated >1994
Yes 117 (15.1) 1.75 (1.01–3.05)
No 851 (9.4) 1

*n = 968; TB, tuberculosis; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; STD, sexually transmitted disease; PTB+, pulmonary TB bacteriologically confirmed; PTB–, pulmonary TB bacteriologically not confirmed; EPTB, extrapulmonary TB.

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