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Volume 12, Number 8—August 2006


Macrolide Resistance in Adults with Bacteremic Pneumococcal Pneumonia

Joshua P. Metlay*†Comments to Author , Neil O. Fishman†, Marshall M. Joffe†, Michael J. Kallan†, Jesse L. Chittams†, and Paul H. Edelstein†
Author affiliations: *Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; †University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

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Table 3

Independent risk factors for macrolide-resistant bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia*

Risk factor OR (95% CI) p value
Macrolide <6 mo before infection 2.8 (1.4–5.8) 0.005
Influenza vaccination <1 mo before infection 2.0 (1.2–3.3) 0.013
Hispanic ethnicity 4.1 (1.4–12.5) 0.011
Prior stroke 0.2 (0.04–0.8) 0.021

*Odds ratio (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and p value from logistic regression with all listed factors in the model.

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