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Volume 13, Number 1—January 2007

Dispatch

Death Rates from Malaria Epidemics, Burundi and Ethiopia

Jean-Paul Guthmann*1Comments to Author , Maryline Bonnet*, Laurence Ahoua*, François Dantoine*, Suna Balkan†, Michel van Herp‡, Abiy Tamrat§, Dominique Legros*¶, Vincent Brown*, and Francesco Checchi*#

Author affiliations: *Epicentre, Paris, France; †Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France; ‡Médecins Sans Frontières, Brussels, Belgium; §Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland; ¶World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland; #London School of Hygiene, London, United Kingdom; Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom;

Main Article

Table 1

Results of retrospective surveys of deaths in Burundi (2000–2001) and Ethiopia (2003–2004)*

Burundi
Ethiopia
 KayanzaNgoziKaruziDamot Gale
Dates of surveyDecember 2000February 2001March 2001January 2004
Beginning of recall periodAnniversary of Prince Rwagasore murder†4 wk before anniversary of Prince Rwagasore murderAnniversary of Prince Rwagasore murderLast Meskal‡
Recall period, d53155153125
No. persons in sample 4,3083,6394,9255,619
No. children <5 y in sample (%)729 (16.9)639 (17.5)961 (19.5)1,167 (20.8)
No. deaths during recall period2310087148
No. deaths, children <5 y 14514551
CMR (95% CI)1.0 (0.6–1.7)1.8 (1.3–2.3)1.1 (0.9–1.5)2.1 (1.5–2.9)
U5MR (95% CI)3.6 (1.7 - 7.2)5.0 (3.3–7.4)3.0 (2.0–4.4)3.4 (2.3–5.1)
No. deaths probably due to malaria (%)18 (78.3)58 (58.0)45 (51.7)106 (66.0)
No. deaths probably due to malaria, children <5 y (%)9 (64.3)27 (53.0)24 (53.3)42 (82.3)
Probable malaria-specific mortality rate (95% CI)0.8 (0.4–1.5)1.0 (0.7–1.5)0.6 (0.4–0.8)1.5 (1.0–2.1)
Probable malaria-specific mortality rate, children <5 y (95% CI)2.3 (0.9–5.4)2.6 (1.5–4.6)1.6 (0.9–2.8)2.8 (1.9–4.1)

*CMR, crude mortality rate (deaths/10,000/d); CI, confidence interval; U5MR, mortality rate for children <5 y of age (deaths/10,000/d).
†October 13, 2000.
‡September 28, 2003.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Saint-Maurice, France

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