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Volume 13, Number 1—January 2007

Research

Spread of Cryptococcus gattii in British Columbia, Canada, and Detection in the Pacific Northwest, USA

Laura MacDougall*Comments to Author , Sarah E. Kidd†, Eleni Galanis*, Sunny Mak*, Mira J. Leslie‡, Paul R. Cieslak§, James W. Kronstad†, Muhammad G. Morshed*, and Karen H. Bartlett†
Author affiliations: *British Columbia Centre for Disease Control, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; †University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada; ‡Washington State Department of Health, Shoreline, Washington, USA; §Oregon State Public Health, Portland, Oregon, USA;

Main Article

Table 3

Geographic location and molecular type associated with clinical and environmental isolates from locations off Vancouver Island*

IsolateDate†HostResidenceGeographic gridCulture/specimen no.SerotypeMolecular type
Human
  1Dec 2004HumanBC mainlandNTS 092G/05A4MR410BVGI
  2Mar 2005HumanBC mainlandNTS 092G/07A5MF738BVGIIa
  3Mar 2005HumanBC mainlandNTS 092G/02A5MR57BVGIIa
  42005‡HumanOregonUSGS 44123-A1B4KB11632BVGIIa§
  5
Dec 2005
Human
Oregon
USGS 45122-C5D8
A6MR38
B
VGIIb§
Animal
  1Nov 2003LlamaBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB7092BVGIIa
  2Mar 2004CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB8174BVGIIa
  3May 2004CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB8686BVGIIa
  4Aug 2004CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB10645BVGIIa
  5Nov 2004CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB11242BVGIIa
  6Mar 2005CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/03KB11765BVGIIa
  7Sep 2005FerretBC mainlandNTS 092G/06KB14724BVGIIa
  82005‡CatBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB15181BVGIIa
  9Jul 2004CatWashingtonUSGS 48122-G1H42004-7975¶BVGIIa
  10Jan 2005CatWashingtonUSGS 48122-G1H42005-0550¶BVGIIa
  11
Apr 2005
Cat
Washington
USGS 48122-G1H4
2005-4659¶
B
VGIIa
Representative environmental isolates (of 60 total)
  –Oct 2002AirBC mainlandNTS 092G/02KB2045BVGIIa
  –Oct 2002AirBC mainlandNTS 092G/02KB2241BVGIIa
  –Jul 2004AirBC mainlandNTS 092G/02KB9057BVGIIa
  –Jul 2004AirBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB9101BVGIIa
  –Jul 2004AirBC mainlandNTS 092G/01KB9091#B
  –Mar 2004Swab, treeGulf Islands092B/14KB7892BVGI
  –Mar 2004SoilGulf Islands092B/14KB7893BVGIIa
  –Feb 2005Swab, treeGulf Islands092B/14KB11363BVGI
  –Jun 2005SoilGulf Islands092B/10KB12611BVGIIa
  –Aug 2005SoilGulf Islands092B/14KB13866BVGIIa
  –Sep 2005Swab, fence postWashingtonUSGS 48122-G1H4KB14489BVGIIa
  –Oct 2005SoilWashingtonUSGS 48122-G1H4KB14735BVGIIa

*BC, British Columbia; NTS, National Topographic System of Canada; USGS, US Geological Survey.
†Date of diagnosis for human and animal case-patients; date of sample for environmental isolates.
‡Month unknown.
§Multilocus sequence typing analyses showed differences between these isolates and characterized VGIIa and VGIIb strains from British Columbia.
¶DNA isolated from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue.
#Isolate could not be cleaned from contaminants. Not retained.

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