Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
Global Poverty and Human Development
Cost-effectiveness of Algorithms for Confirmation Test of Human African Trypanosomiasis
|Algorithm||Effectiveness†||Incremental effectiveness‡||Cost per examined person, €||Incremental cost, €‡||Efficiency§||Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio¶|
*HAT prevalence 1%. HAT, human African trypanosomiasis; LNP, lymph node puncture; FBE, fresh blood examination; TBF, thick blood film; CTC, capillary tube centrifugation; CATT, card agglutination test for trypanosomiasis; CATT titration, CATT titration at end-titer 8; mAECT, mini-anion-exchange centrifugation technique. Cost/effectiveness ratio calculated as cost / (effectiveness × prevalence). Differences due to rounding in table. US $1 = Euro 0.79, Feb 2004.
†% HAT deaths averted.
‡Cost and effectiveness calculated incremental to next least effective nondominated algorithm after ranking all algorithms by effectiveness.
§Cost-effectiveness per life saved.
¶Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio calculated as incremental cost / (incremental effectiveness × HAT prevalence). Differences due to rounding in table. All incremental changes expressed in comparison with LNP-FBE-TBF algorithm.
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention,
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