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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007
THEME ISSUE
Global Poverty and Human Development

Research

HIV and Tuberculosis in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 1997–2002

Tran Ngoc Buu*†, Rein M.G.J. Houben‡§1, Hoang Thi Quy*, Nguyen Thi Ngoc Lan*, Martien W. Borgdorff†‡, and Frank G.J. Cobelens†‡Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Pham Ngoc Thach TB and Lung Disease Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; †Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands; ‡KNCV Tuberculosis Foundation, The Hague, the Netherlands; §University Medical Center St Radboud, Nijmegen, the Netherlands;

Main Article

Table 2

Multivariable model (without interaction terms and time trends) for HIV among tuberculosis patients in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, 1997–2002*

Variable Crude OR† (95% CI) p value‡ Adjusted OR§ (95% CI) p value‡
Year of inclusion 5.78 (4.2–7.9) <0.001 5.80 (4.1–8.2) <0.001
Age, y <0.001 <0.001
<24 6.16 (3.8–9.9) 5.15 (2.9–9.3)
25–34 4.25 (2.7–6.8) 4.16 (2.5–7.0)
35–44 1.94 (1.2–3.2) 1.96 (1.1–3.4)
>45 1 1
Sex <0.001 <0.001
Male 5.33 (3.2–8.8) 5.79 (3.4–9.9)
Female
1

1

Marital status <0.001 <0.001
Married 1 1
Single 3.3 (2.4–4.3) 1.67 (1.2–2.4)
Separated 2.7 (1.7–4.5) 3.93 (2.2–7.0)
Employment status 0.18 0.020
Employed 1 1
Self-Employed 1.31 (0.9–2.0) 1.62 (1.1–2.5)
Unemployed
1.49 (1.0–2.3)

1.97 (1.2–3.2)

Risk category <0.001 <0.001
Injection drug use 76.44 (45.5–128.3) 46.06 (25.3–84.0)
Other 1 1

*OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval.
†Monovariate ORs.
‡p-value for likelihood ratio χ2 test for excluding variable from the model.
§ORs adjusted for all variables in multivariable model.

Main Article

1Current affiliation: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK

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