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Volume 13, Number 10—October 2007

Research

Evolutionary Relationships between Bat Coronaviruses and Their Hosts

Jie Cui*†1, Naijian Han‡1, Daniel Streicker§, Gang Li‡, Xianchun Tang*, Zhengli Shi¶, Zhihong Hu¶, Guoping Zhao#, Arnaud Fontanet**, Yi Guan††, Linfa Wang‡‡, Gareth Jones§§, Hume E. Field¶¶, Shuyi Zhang*Comments to Author , and Peter Daszak##Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *East China Normal University, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; †Hebei Normal University, Hebei, People’s Republic of China; ‡Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China; §University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA;; ¶Wuhan Institute of Virology, Wuhan, People’s Republic of China; #Shanghai Institutes of Biological Sciences, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; **Insitut Pasteur, Paris, France; ††University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, People’s Republic of China; ‡‡Australian Animal Health Laboratory, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; §§University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom; ¶¶Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Yeerongpilly, Queensland, Australia; ##Consortium for Conservation Medicine, New York, New York, USA;

Main Article

Figure 1

Phylogram of bat coronaviruses based on the 440-bp RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene region. Methods used are described in the text. Values to the left of branches are Bayesian posterior probabilities. Scale bar at the lower left indicated 0.1 nucleotide substitutions per site. Boldface branches indicate severe acute respiratory syndrome–like coronaviruses, and species names to the right of lineages indicate putative reservoir host(s). Pa, Pipistrellus abramus; Tp, Tylonycteris pachypus; Pp, P. pipistrellus; Rs, Rhinolophus sinicus; Rf, R. ferrumequinum; Rp, R. pearsoni; Rm, R. macrotis; Mm, Miniopterus magnater; Mr, Myotis ricketti; Sk, Scotophilus kuhlii. Sequences obtained from GenBank were as follows: DQ412043 isolated from R. macrotis in Hubei Province (HB); DQ412042 isolated from R. ferrumequinum in HB; DQ071615 isolated from R. pearsoni in Guangxi Province (GX); DQ022305, DQ084199, DQ084200, DQ249213, and DQ249235 isolated from R. sinicus in Hong Kong (HK); DQ249214, DQ249215, DQ249216, DQ249217, and DQ074652 isolated from T. pachypus in HK; DQ249218, DQ249219, and DQ249221 isolated from Pipistrellus abramus in HK; DQ249224 isolated from Myotis ricketti in HK; and DQ249226, DQ666337, DQ666339, DQ666340, DQ249228, and DQ666338 isolated from M. magnater in HK. FJ, Fujian Province; SC, Sichuan Province; AH, Anhui Province; HN, Hainan Province; GD, Guandong Province; JX, Jiangxi Province; SD, Shandong Province.

Figure 1. Phylogram of bat coronaviruses based on the 440-bp RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene region. Methods used are described in the text. Values to the left of branches are Bayesian posterior probabilities. Scale bar at the lower left indicated 0.1 nucleotide substitutions per site. Boldface branches indicate severe acute respiratory syndrome–like coronaviruses, and species names to the right of lineages indicate putative reservoir host(s). Pa, Pipistrellus abramus; Tp, Tylonycteris pachypus; Pp, P. pipistrellus; Rs, Rhinolophus sinicus; Rf, R. ferrumequinum; Rp, R. pearsoni; Rm, R. macrotis; Mm, Miniopterus magnater; Mr, Myotis ricketti; Sk, Scotophilus kuhlii. Sequences obtained from GenBank were as follows: DQ412043 isolated from R. macrotis in Hubei Province (HB); DQ412042 isolated from R. ferrumequinum in HB; DQ071615 isolated from R. pearsoni in Guangxi Province (GX); DQ022305, DQ084199, DQ084200, DQ249213, and DQ249235 isolated from R. sinicus in Hong Kong (HK); DQ249214, DQ249215, DQ249216, DQ249217, and DQ074652 isolated from T. pachypus in HK; DQ249218, DQ249219, and DQ249221 isolated from Pipistrellus abramus in HK; DQ249224 isolated from Myotis ricketti in HK; and DQ249226, DQ666337, DQ666339, DQ666340, DQ249228, and DQ666338 isolated from M. magnater in HK. FJ, Fujian Province; SC, Sichuan Province; AH, Anhui Province; HN, Hainan Province; GD, Guandong Province; JX, Jiangxi Province; SD, Shandong Province.

Main Article

1These authors contributed equally to this study.

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