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Volume 13, Number 3—March 2007

Dispatch

Methicillin-susceptible, Doxycycline-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Côte d’Ivoire

Olivier Lesens*Comments to Author , Rachel Haus-Cheymol†, Philippe Dubrous‡, Catherine Verret†, André Spiegel†, Richard Bonnet*, Michèle Bes§, Henri Laurichesse*, Jean Beytout*, Jerome Etienne§, René Migliani¶, Jean Louis Koeck‡, and the Working Group on Cutaneous Infections in the Army
Author affiliations: *Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Clermont-Ferrand, France; †Ecole du Val de Grâce, Paris, France; ‡Hôpital d'Instruction des Armées Robert-Picque, Bordeaux, France; §Université Lyon 1, Lyon, France; ¶Institut de Médecine Tropicale du Service de Santé des Armées, Le Pharo, Marseille-Armées, France;

Main Article

Table

Factors associated with nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in 273 soldiers (company B) who were about to be sent to Côte d’Ivoire

VariablePVL+DoxyR
S. aureus† 
(n = 8)PVL–DoxyR
S. aureus‡
(n = 34)DoxyS
S. aureus§
(n = 56)p value¶
(PVL+ vs. PVL–)p value¶
(PVL+DoxyR vs. PVL–DoxyR)
Age, y24.325.924.5NSNS
Male (%)87.597.1100.0NSNS
Living with health care worker (%)25.026.512.5NSNS
Living with children <16 y (%)50.061.853.6NSNS
Hospitalization within 1 year (%)0.017.617.8NSNS
Fight sport practice# (%)0.05.97.1NSNS
Previous mission in malaria-endemic area (%)100.091.237.5<0.001NS
Previous mission in Côte d’Ivoire (%)100.088.230.4<0.001NS
Previous doxycycline intake (%)100.088.232.1<0.001NS

*PVL, Panton-Valentine leukocidin; DoxyR, doxycycline resistant; DoxyS, doxycycline susceptible; NS, not significant.
†All methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA).
‡28 MSSA and 6 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA).
§55 MSSA and 1 MRSA, all PVL-negative.
¶Fisher exact test.
#Military exercises that involve physical contact.

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