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Volume 13, Number 4—April 2007

Letter

West Nile Virus, Venezuela

Irene Bosch*Comments to Author , Flor Herrera†, Juan-Carlos Navarro‡, Miguel Lentino§, Alan Dupuis¶#, Joseph Maffei¶#, Matthew Jones¶#, Ernesto Fernández**, Nelson Perez††, Jorge Pérez-Emán‡, Anthony Érico Guimarães‡‡, Roberto Barrera§§, Nereida Valero¶¶, Johanny Ruiz†, Glenda Velásquez##, Juán Martinez‡, Guillermo Comach†, Nicholas Komar***, Andrew Spielman†††1, and Laura Kramer¶#

Author affiliations: *University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, USA; †Universidad de Carabobo Biomed, Maracay, Venezuela; ‡Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela; §Coleccion Ornitologica Phelps, Caracas, Venezuela; ¶New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York, USA; #State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, USA; **Universidad Central de Venezuela, Maracay, Venezuela; ††Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Agrícolas, Maracay, Venezuela; ‡‡Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; §§Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, San Juan, Puerto Rico, USA; ¶¶Universidad del Zulia, Maracaibo, Venezuela; ##Ministerio de Salud Insalud, Carabobo, Venezuela; ***Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA; †††1Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA;

Main Article

Figure

Collection sites for West Nile virus (WNV) in Venezuela. Symbols represent results of tests for specific antibodies to WNV in serum samples of birds and horses (viral titers in a 90% plaque reduction neutralization test >40 and a 4-fold differential inhibition in a neutralization assay to WNV compared with other related flaviviruses). Source: Instituto Geográfico de Venezuela Simón Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela.

Figure. Collection sites for West Nile virus (WNV) in Venezuela. Symbols represent results of tests for specific antibodies to WNV in serum samples of birds and horses (viral titers in a 90% plaque reduction neutralization test >40 and a 4-fold differential inhibition in a neutralization assay to WNV compared with other related flaviviruses). Source: Instituto Geográfico de Venezuela Simón Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela.

Main Article

1Deceased.

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