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Volume 13, Number 5—May 2007

Research

Plague and the Human Flea, Tanzania

Anne Laudisoit*†Comments to Author , Herwig Leirs*‡, Rhodes H. Makundi§, Stefan Van Dongen*, Stephen Davis*, Simon Neerinckx*¶, Jozef Deckers¶, and Roland Libois†
Author affiliations: *University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium; †University of Liège, Liège (Sart Tilman), Belgium; ‡University of Aarhus, Kongens Lyngby, Denmark; §Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania; ¶Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven, Belgium;

Main Article

Table 1

Data on villages in Lushoto District, Tanzania, surveyed for domestic fleas, ranked by plague frequency*

Village Population† Plague frequency Plague incidence Coordinates, South–East Altitude, m asl Year of most recent plague case Year(s) flea trapping conducted No. forms received‡
Dule
3,036
0.059
0.637
04.58370–038.31657
1,405
1986
2006
20
Mtae
3,407
0.059
0.121
04.48421–038.23758
1,632
2000
2006
20
Handei
5,745
0.118
0.137
04.59514–038.32390
1,376
1990
2006
20
Kiranga
868
0.176
1.056
04.57571–038.27021
1,821
1996
2005–06
33
Magamba
2,676
0.176
0.836
04.72895–038.30148
1,743
1998
2005–06
52
Goka
1,116
0.353
1.175
04.56680–038.25990
1,843
1997
2006
20
Mambo
5,669
0.353
0.722
04.51167–038.21976
1,828
1997
2006
20
Nkelei
1,305
0.647
3.434
04.56062–038.24209
1,904
2000
2006
20
Shume-Nywelo
3,757
0.647
10.460
04.70025–038.19687
1,890
2001
2006
20
Emao
2,054
0.706
5.180
04.56276–038.25304
1,827
2000
2005–06
41
Gologolo
2,202
0.765
18.544
04.69707–038.22692
1,950
2002
2005–06
26
Manolo 10,464 0.765 6.320 04.62058–038.22260 1,809 2003 2006 9

*Data about plague are extracted from (3). Villages with a plague frequency of >0.3 on average, ≥3 years in a decade, were considered
high frequency villages. asl, above sea level.
†From 2002 census.
‡No. questionnaire responses received from village during survey.

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