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Volume 13, Number 7—July 2007

Research

Antiretroviral Therapy during Tuberculosis Treatment and Marked Reduction in Death Rate of HIV-Infected Patients, Thailand1

Somsak Akksilp*, Opart Karnkawinpong*, Wanpen Wattanaamornkiat*, Daranee Viriyakitja†, Patama Monkongdee‡, Walya Sitti*, Dhanida Rienthong†, Taweesap Siraprapasiri†‡, Charles D. Wells§, Jordan W. Tappero‡§, and Jay K. Varma†§Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Ministry of Public Health, Ubon-ratchathani, Thailand; †Ministry of Public Health, Nonthaburi, Thailand; ‡Thailand Ministry of Public Health–Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Collaboration, Nonthaburi, Thailand; §Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA;

Main Article

Table 2

Results of culture and susceptibility testing performed on HIV-infected patients with pulmonary TB, stratified by sputum smear–positive versus –negative results, Ubon-ratchathani, February 2003 through January 2004*

CharacteristicSmear-positive (n = 120), no. (%)Smear-negative (n = 107), no. (%)
Sputum culture performed93/120 (78)52/107 (49)
Culture positive for nontuberculous mycobacteria2/93 (2)0/52 (0)
Contaminated5/93 (5)6/52 (12)
Culture negative21/93 (23)43/52 (83)
Culture positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis65/93 (70)3/52 (6)
Multidrug-resistant TB4/65 (6)0/3 (0)
Previously treated1/4 (25)NA

*TB, tuberculosis; NA, not available.

Main Article

Data from this manuscript have been presented in part at the 36th UNION World Conference on Lung Health, Paris, October 2005, and the 15th Annual International AIDS Conference, Bangkok, July 2004.

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