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Volume 13, Number 9—September 2007

Research

Precautionary Behavior in Response to Perceived Threat of Pandemic Influenza

M. Zia Sadique*†Comments to Author , W. John Edmunds*, Richard D. Smith‡, William Jan Meerding§, Onno de Zwart§¶, Johannes Brug§, and Philippe Beutels#
Author affiliations: *Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom; †City University, London, United Kingdom; ‡London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; §University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; ¶Municipal Public Health Service, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; #Antwerp University, Antwerp, Belgium;

Main Article

Table 1

Variables measured in survey of risk perception for pandemic influenza, Europe and Asia*

Variable Definition Mean score (SD)
Respondents from Europe (n = 2,196) Respondents from Asia (n = 1,240)
SARS risk perception Risk perception score (1–5) 2.47 (0.95) 2.95 (1.13)
Influenza risk perception Risk perception score (1–5) 2.95 (1.01) 2.83 (1.05)
Influenza severity Perceived severity of influenza (1–10) 6.94 (2.55) 6.56 (2.69)
Influenza vulnerability Perceived vulnerability to influenza infection (1–5) 2.81 (1.17) 2.75 (1.24)
Sex 1 if female 0.40 (0.49) 0.45 (0.50)
Age Age in years 47.46 (14.32) 39.13 (15.03)
Education medium 1 if respondent has more than a secondary but at least a higher secondary education 0.59 (0.49) 0.51 (0.50)
Education high 1 if respondent has university qualification 0.30 (0.46) 0.42 (0.49)
Urban area 1 if respondent’s area of residence is city/town 0.61 (0.49) 0.96 (0.20)
European region 1 if respondent is from European region NA NA
High-risk scenario 1 if given outbreak scenario is high risk 0.50 (0.50) 0.66 (0.47)
Health Health status on 1–6 Likert scale 4.28 (1.10) 4.25 (1.08)
Vaccinated 1 if vaccinated against influenza in past year 0.19 (0.39) 0.22 (0.41)
Employed 1 if employed 0.60 (0.49) 0.60 (0.49)

*NA, not available.

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