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Volume 13, Number 9—September 2007

Research

Precautionary Behavior in Response to Perceived Threat of Pandemic Influenza

M. Zia Sadique*†Comments to Author , W. John Edmunds*, Richard D. Smith‡, William Jan Meerding§, Onno de Zwart§¶, Johannes Brug§, and Philippe Beutels#
Author affiliations: *Health Protection Agency, London, United Kingdom; †City University, London, United Kingdom; ‡London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom; §University Medical Centre, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; ¶Municipal Public Health Service, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; #Antwerp University, Antwerp, Belgium;

Main Article

Table 4

Results of regression analysis (marginal effects) of precautionary behavior for hypothetical influenza pandemic, Europe and Asia

Variable Avoid public transportation Avoid entertainment Limit
shopping Take absence from work Keep children from school Limit contact with family/
friends Avoid seeing doctor Stay indoors
Sex (male) 0.005 –0.048 –0.054* 0.042 0.017 –0.021 –0.018 0.013
Age –0.001 0.003* 0.001 –0.003* –0.004 0.001 –0.001 0.001
Education medium 0.039 0.113* 0.175 –0.023 –0.223* –0.015 –0.015 –0.033
Education high 0.033 0.139* 0.185* –0.030 –0.189 0.010 –0.036 –0.055
Urban area –0.044 –0.071* –0.108* 0.004 –0.064 0.015 –0.061 0.009
European region 0.038 0.422* 0.072* –0.139* 0.186* –0.077* –0.130* –0.120*
High-risk scenario 0.000 0.018 0.056* 0.036 –0.056 –0.013 0.040 0.002
Risk for influenza 0.025* 0.004 0.012 0.009 –0.051 0.001 –0.006 0.014
Health 0.017 –0.009 –0.008 –0.013 –0.071* –0.009 0.016 –0.011
Vaccinated 0.019 0.011 0.041 0.025 0.045 0.002 0.003 0.022
Employed –0.051* –0.059 –0.081* –0.070* 0.053 –0.059 –0.033 –0.113*
Observation 1,341 1,263 1,355 1,307 349 1,293 1,310 1,316
Log likelihood –710.699 –687.188 –843.241 –863.953 –226.204 –887.342 –744.488 –747.710

*Significant at 0.05.

Main Article

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