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Volume 14, Number 1—January 2008

Dispatch

Emerging Angiostrongyliasis in Mainland China

Shan Lv*, Yi Zhang*, Peter Steinmann†, and Xiao-Nong Zhou*Comments to Author 
Author affiliations: *Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; †Swiss Tropical Institute, Basel, Switzerland;

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Table 2

Known intermediate hosts of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in mainland China

SpeciesFirst investigation, y, placeFirst observation of positive specimens, y, placeHighest recorded prevalence, %, placeReference*
Achatina fulica†‡1979–1982, Guangzhou1979–1980, Guangzhou96.8, ZhongshanDing BL et al., 1982
Liang HK et al., 1984
Liang HK et al., 1992
Zhang HM et al., 1996
Pomacea canaliculata§¶1988, Hekou1997, Cangnan69.4, CangnanLi FH et al., 1989
Pan CW et al., 2002
Li YS et al., 2001
Camaena cicatricosa‡1979–1982, Guangzhou1979–1982, Guangzhou50.0, ZhongshanDing BL et al., 1982
Liang HK et al., 1984
Liang HK et al., 1992
Vaginulus sp.#1980–1982, Guangzhou1980–1982, Guangzhou49.2, GuangzhouDing BL et al., 1982
Phiolomycus bilineatus#1979–1982, Guangzhou1979–1982, Guangzhou100, GuangzhouDing BL et al., 1982
Liang HK et al., 1984
Deroceras leave#2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an23.8, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Vaginulus yuxjsjs sp. nov#1988, Hekou1988, Hekou21.0, HekouLi FH et al., 1989
Ariophantidae spp.‡1988, Hekou1988, Hekou12.0, HekouLi FH et al., 1989
Macrochlamys loana#2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an11.2, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Limax flavus#2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an10.1, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Bradybaena brevispira‡1979–1982, Guangzhou1979–1980, Guangzhou8.3, NanhaiLiang HK et al., 1984
Liang HK et al., 1992
Pan CW et al., 2002
Meghimatium bilinestum‡2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an5.9, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Trichochloritis rufopila‡1986–1990, Zhuhai1986–1990, Zhuhai5.8, ZhuhaiLiang HK et al., 1992
Trichochloritis hungerfordianus‡1986–1990, Zhuhai1986–1991, Zhuhai5.7, ZhuhaiLiang HK et al., 1992
Vaginulus alte#1988, Hekou1988, Hekou4.2, HekouLi FH et al., 1989
Bellamya spp.¶2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an4.1, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Bellamya aeruginosa2004, Minhou/Lianjiang2004, Minhou/Lianjiang3.8, MinhouLin JX et al., 2005
Bradybaena similaris‡1980–1982, Guangzhou1980–1982, Guangzhou3.2, GuangzhouDing BL et al., 1982
Bradybaena ravida‡2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an3.1, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Plectotropis appanata‡2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2005, Lianjiang/Nan’an2.6, Lianjiang/Nan’anLi LS et al., 2006
Bellamya quadrata1986–1990, Panyu1986–1990, Panyu2.5, PanyuLiang HK et al., 1992

*Full reference details are available from the corresponding author upon request.
†Common name, giant African land snail.
‡Land snail.
§Common name, apple snail.
¶Freshwater snail.
#Slug.

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