Sentinel-based Surveillance of Coyotes to Detect Bovine Tuberculosis, Michigan
Kurt C. VerCauteren , Todd C. Atwood, Thomas J. DeLiberto, Holly J. Smith, Justin S. Stevenson, Bruce V. Thomsen, Thomas Gidlewski, and Janet Payeur
Author affiliations: US Department of Agriculture–Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA–APHIS) Wildlife Services, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (K.C. VerCauteren, T.C. Atwood, T.J. DeLiberto, H.J. Smith, J.S. Stevenson); USDA-APHIS Veterinary Services Laboratories, Ames, Iowa, USA (B.V. Thomsen, T. Gidlewski, J. Payeur);
Figure 2. Percent prevalence of Mycobacterium bovis–positive coyotes (Canis latrans) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) in Montmorency, Alpena, Alcona, and Oscoda Counties, Michigan, 2003–2005. Prevalence estimates for white-tailed deer are expressed as a mean calculated from discrete sampling periods conducted in 2003, 2004, and 2005. Error bars for coyote estimates represent the standard error of the mean calculated across townships for each county. Estimates of M. bovis prevalence for white-tailed deer were not available for individual townships; standard errors were not calculated for counties.
The opinions expressed by authors contributing to this journal do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, the Public Health Service, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or the authors' affiliated institutions. Use of trade names is for identification only and does not imply endorsement by any of the groups named above.