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Volume 14, Number 12—December 2008

Letter

Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia felis in Fleas, Democratic Republic of Congo

Cherilyn Sackal, Anne Laudisoit, Michael Kosoy, Robert Massung, Marina E. Eremeeva, Sandor E. Karpathy, Kristen Van Wyk, Elizabeth Gabitzsch, and Nordin S. ZeidnerComments to Author 
Author affiliations: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA (C. Sackal, M. Kosoy, K. Van Wyk, N. Zeidner); University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium ( A. Laudisoit); University of Liege, Liege, Belgium (A. Laudisoit); Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA (R. Massung, M.E. Eremeeva, S.E. Karpathy); Etubics Corporation, Seattle, Washington, USA (E. Gabitzsch)

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Table

Detection of Bartonella spp. and Rickettsia spp. DNA in fleas collected in the Democratic Republic of Congo*

Village Flea species† Identification no. Bartonella spp.‡ Rickettsia spp.‡
Kpandruma Pulex irritans 42d B. clarridgeiae
P. irritans 44e B. vinsonii
P. irritans 46 B. vinsonii
P. irritans 48a B. vinsonii
P. irritans 48b B. vinsonii R. felis
P. irritans 48e Unique
P. irritans 49a Unique
P. irritans 51b B. clarridgeiae
P. irritans 41a R. felis
P. irritans 42b R. felis
P. irritans 43b R. felis
P. irritans 44a R. felis
P. irritans 94a R. felis
P. irritans 94b R. felis
P. irritans 94d R. felis
P. irritans 94e R. felis
P. irritans 94g R. felis
P. irritans 98 R. felis
P. irritans 100a, 100b, 100d R. felis
Xenopsylla brasiliensis 102 R. felis
P. irritans 113a, 113b R. felis
Tunga penetrans 114 R. felis

P. irritans
123b

R. felis
Djalusene P. irritans 22 B. vinsonii
T. penetrans 29 Identical to EU549693
P. irritans 61b B. clarridgeiae
P. irritans 69f Candidatus B. rochalimae
Ctenocephalides felis strongylus 78 B. clarridgeiae R. felis
P. irritans 84b Candidatus B. rochalimae
T. penetrans 85 Candidatus B. rochalimae R. felis
P. irritans 86a Candidatus B. rochalimae R. felis
P. irritans 86b-86d Candidatus B. rochalimae
T. penetrans 33a R. felis
P. irritans 34d R. felis
C. felis strongylus/P.irritans 67 R. felis
P. irritans 69d-69e R. felis
T. penetrans/Echidnophaga gallinacea 73 R. felis
E. gallinacea 75c R. felis
P. irritans 80a-80b R. felis
T. penetrans 83 R. felis

P. irritans
86c

R. felis
Wanyele P. irritans 52 B. vinsonii R. felis
C. felis strongylus 63a Candidatus B. rochalimae R. felis
E. gallinacea 56 R. felis
C. felis strongylus 63b R. felis
C. felis strongylus 88a,c,e R. felis
T. penetrans 103 R. felis
C. felis strongylus 105a R. felis
P. irritans 106a R. felis
T. penetrans 107 R. felis
P. irritans 106c R. felis
P. irritans 109 R. felis
P. irritans 110 R. felis

C. felis strongylus
111a

R. felis
Zaa P. irritans 15 B. vinsonii
P. irritans 18 Candidatus B. rochalimae
P. irritans 95b Candidatus B. rochalimae
P. irritans 95c Candidatus B. rochalimae R. felis
C. felis strongylus 66 B. clarridgeiae
P. irritans 6c, 6f R. felis
E. gallinacea 12b R. felis
P. irritans 17 R. felis
P. irritans 20a-20c R. felis
P. irritans 24 R. felis
P. irritans 39b R. felis
C. felis strongylus/P. irritans 64a R. felis
P. irritans 64b R. felis
P. irritans 93b-93d R. felis
P. irritans 95g,h,l,m R. felis
P. irritans 115b R. felis
P. irritans 117 R. felis
P. irritans 119 R. felis

*Boldface represents dual infection.
†Identified using standard taxonomic keys.
‡Detected by PCR as described in the methods.

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